ussr ; economy ; khrushchev ; promotion light industry / chemicals / consumer goods

what did khrushchev refer to heavy industry as?
'metal eaters'
1 of 81
and wanted to move towards which three industries instead?
light industry / chemicals / consumer goods
2 of 81
what would this do to base of soviet economy?
3 of 81
and start to do what to lives of soviet pop?
bring real benefits to them
4 of 81
what thing that was long-promised would start to become reality?
'workers' paradise'
5 of 81
6 of 81
what stifled initiative in moscow?
vast bureaucratic system of administrators
7 of 81
why was it difficult for local innovations to take place?
fear upsetting the plan
8 of 81
what had done little to encourage initiative under stalin
terror atmosphere
9 of 81
what was workforce subjected ot?
harsh labour laws
10 of 81
including fines for?
11 of 81
what was the inherited system particularly difficult to deal with?
new trends / unforseen events
12 of 81
administers worked out likely demand for goods then did what?
set targets to ensure demand met
13 of 81
iif demand increased what happened?
target wasn't increased bc system was too inflexible
14 of 81
for example in a really cold winter when they needed more coats could they make more?
15 of 81
16 of 81
how many Regional Economic Councils did khrushchev set up in '57?
17 of 81
what was the other name for regional ecnomic councils?
18 of 81
to do what
supervise enterprise
19 of 81
what was it an attempt to do with decision-making?
move some from centre to regional bases
20 of 81
which it was hoped would be more able to do wht?
take into account more local circumstances
21 of 81
what laws of the stalin years were removed?
harsh labour laws
22 of 81
what was the working week pre-'60?
23 of 81
which was reduced to how many in '60?
24 of 81
what replaced stlain's policy of coercion?
25 of 81
who were given more influence in their factories?
managers of industrial enterprises
26 of 81
khrushchev disliked that they were merely what in his own words?
'robots of moscow'
27 of 81
what % of profits made by their factory were they allowed to invest as they wished in their enterprise?
28 of 81
increase initiative
29 of 81
greater empphasis on what to support industrial developments?
vocational education
30 of 81
what type of schools were set up?
specialist technical schools
31 of 81
and what type of education was expanded?
32 of 81
who were many of these reforms promoted by?
33 of 81
what was the name of his plan?
the liberman plan
34 of 81
in which year?
35 of 81
what did he call for for local managers?
greater autonomy
36 of 81
and for what to replace state as decider of prices?
37 of 81
who watered down his ideas?
conservatives in the politburo
38 of 81
who preferred to stick to?
stalinist principles
39 of 81
40 of 81
what were the years of the plan?
41 of 81
where especially was there discovery of new mineral resources?
volga-urals fields
42 of 81
which encouraged the governemtn to push ahead with transforming which who indistrues?
chemical and fuel
43 of 81
which would involve a shift of emplahsis from coal to?
oil and gas
44 of 81
what was cheap and abundant but little used?
natural gas
45 of 81
what was focus on chemical industry linked to increased targets for?
consumer goods
46 of 81
how many tonnes of synthetic fibres were produced in 1958?
47 of 81
and then by '65?
48 of 81
substantial increases also targetet in which three areas?
housing / natural fabrics / footwear
49 of 81
in addition what kind of development was also to be promoted?
regional development
50 of 81
with areas east of ural recieving over what % of available investment?
51 of 81
52 of 81
in '59 what did khrushchev boast to the wst?
'we will bury you'
53 of 81
but this claim to be able to overtake weest in tech and consumer goods was?
54 of 81
what was sputnik?
the first space satellite
55 of 81
launched by the ussr when?
56 of 81
who did this worry?
many west commentators
57 of 81
worries increased when ussr send first what animal into space?
58 of 81
and in what year did the ussr send the first man into space?
59 of 81
what was more abundant. raising living standards?
consumer goods
60 of 81
what did these headline successes mask?
reality of soviet economy
61 of 81
though more choice for consumers what was also true about goods?
poor quality
62 of 81
whatwas a common occurrence with targets?
targets met but products useless
63 of 81
for example that famous shoe factory that reached quota but?
all had heel nailed to toe
64 of 81
what % was the annual growht rate of the soviet economy in the '50s?
65 of 81
what was the us growth rate?
66 of 81
however why did soviet economy still lag behind?
economic base smaller
67 of 81
problems still remained in which 3 areas?
poor labour productivity / inefficiency / waste
68 of 81
what experiment made national planning more difficult?
69 of 81
requirements local enterprises hard to forsee
70 of 81
what organisation was at the centre of the planning org?
71 of 81
what happened to their workload?
overwhelmend by it
72 of 81
but what decreased for them?
influence on decision making
73 of 81
what added to the confusion in '62?
the stupid split between agricultural and industrial branches
74 of 81
by what year had economic growth slowed?
75 of 81
spending on what was reduced?
consumer goods
76 of 81
and what programme was cut back?
77 of 81
who stiffly resisted khrushchev's reforms?
party bureaucrats
78 of 81
who became strongly attached to what?
stalin's focus on heavy industry
79 of 81
influence of what complex proved too strong for khrushchev?
military-industrial complex
80 of 81
so what happened to to reforms?
watered down / ignored
81 of 81

Other cards in this set

Card 2


and wanted to move towards which three industries instead?


light industry / chemicals / consumer goods

Card 3


what would this do to base of soviet economy?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


and start to do what to lives of soviet pop?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


what thing that was long-promised would start to become reality?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


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