ussr ; economy ; khrushchev ; promotion light industry / chemicals / consumer goods

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what did khrushchev refer to heavy industry as?
'metal eaters'
1 of 81
and wanted to move towards which three industries instead?
light industry / chemicals / consumer goods
2 of 81
what would this do to base of soviet economy?
broaden
3 of 81
and start to do what to lives of soviet pop?
bring real benefits to them
4 of 81
what thing that was long-promised would start to become reality?
'workers' paradise'
5 of 81
CHALLENGES KHRUSHCHEV FACED FROM STALIN'S RIGID COMMAND
DFGDG
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what stifled initiative in moscow?
vast bureaucratic system of administrators
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why was it difficult for local innovations to take place?
fear upsetting the plan
8 of 81
what had done little to encourage initiative under stalin
terror atmosphere
9 of 81
what was workforce subjected ot?
harsh labour laws
10 of 81
including fines for?
absenteeism
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what was the inherited system particularly difficult to deal with?
new trends / unforseen events
12 of 81
administers worked out likely demand for goods then did what?
set targets to ensure demand met
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iif demand increased what happened?
target wasn't increased bc system was too inflexible
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for example in a really cold winter when they needed more coats could they make more?
nope
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KHRUSHCHEV'S REFORMS FOR THIS
DDG
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how many Regional Economic Councils did khrushchev set up in '57?
105
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what was the other name for regional ecnomic councils?
sovnarkhozy
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to do what
supervise enterprise
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what was it an attempt to do with decision-making?
move some from centre to regional bases
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which it was hoped would be more able to do wht?
take into account more local circumstances
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what laws of the stalin years were removed?
harsh labour laws
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what was the working week pre-'60?
48hrs
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which was reduced to how many in '60?
41
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what replaced stlain's policy of coercion?
incentives
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who were given more influence in their factories?
managers of industrial enterprises
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khrushchev disliked that they were merely what in his own words?
'robots of moscow'
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what % of profits made by their factory were they allowed to invest as they wished in their enterprise?
40%
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why
increase initiative
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greater empphasis on what to support industrial developments?
vocational education
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what type of schools were set up?
specialist technical schools
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and what type of education was expanded?
vocational
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who were many of these reforms promoted by?
liberman
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what was the name of his plan?
the liberman plan
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in which year?
'62
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what did he call for for local managers?
greater autonomy
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and for what to replace state as decider of prices?
market
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who watered down his ideas?
conservatives in the politburo
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who preferred to stick to?
stalinist principles
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SEVEN YEAR PLAN
DFGD
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what were the years of the plan?
'59-'65
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where especially was there discovery of new mineral resources?
volga-urals fields
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which encouraged the governemtn to push ahead with transforming which who indistrues?
chemical and fuel
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which would involve a shift of emplahsis from coal to?
oil and gas
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what was cheap and abundant but little used?
natural gas
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what was focus on chemical industry linked to increased targets for?
consumer goods
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how many tonnes of synthetic fibres were produced in 1958?
166,000
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and then by '65?
666,000
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substantial increases also targetet in which three areas?
housing / natural fabrics / footwear
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in addition what kind of development was also to be promoted?
regional development
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with areas east of ural recieving over what % of available investment?
40%
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RESULTS
DFGD
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in '59 what did khrushchev boast to the wst?
'we will bury you'
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but this claim to be able to overtake weest in tech and consumer goods was?
far-fethed
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what was sputnik?
the first space satellite
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launched by the ussr when?
'57
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who did this worry?
many west commentators
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worries increased when ussr send first what animal into space?
dog
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and in what year did the ussr send the first man into space?
'61
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what was more abundant. raising living standards?
consumer goods
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what did these headline successes mask?
reality of soviet economy
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though more choice for consumers what was also true about goods?
poor quality
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whatwas a common occurrence with targets?
targets met but products useless
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for example that famous shoe factory that reached quota but?
all had heel nailed to toe
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what % was the annual growht rate of the soviet economy in the '50s?
7.1%
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what was the us growth rate?
2.9%
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however why did soviet economy still lag behind?
economic base smaller
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problems still remained in which 3 areas?
poor labour productivity / inefficiency / waste
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what experiment made national planning more difficult?
sovnarkhozy
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whyy?
requirements local enterprises hard to forsee
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what organisation was at the centre of the planning org?
gosplan
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what happened to their workload?
overwhelmend by it
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but what decreased for them?
influence on decision making
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what added to the confusion in '62?
the stupid split between agricultural and industrial branches
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by what year had economic growth slowed?
'64
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spending on what was reduced?
consumer goods
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and what programme was cut back?
housing
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who stiffly resisted khrushchev's reforms?
party bureaucrats
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who became strongly attached to what?
stalin's focus on heavy industry
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influence of what complex proved too strong for khrushchev?
military-industrial complex
80 of 81
so what happened to to reforms?
watered down / ignored
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Card 2

Front

and wanted to move towards which three industries instead?

Back

light industry / chemicals / consumer goods

Card 3

Front

what would this do to base of soviet economy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

and start to do what to lives of soviet pop?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what thing that was long-promised would start to become reality?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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