unit two: uk government key terms

  • Created by: e8
  • Created on: 27-04-22 11:13
A set of laws and guidelines setting out how a political system works, and where power is located within the system
1 of 37
A constitution in which laws and practices are set out in a single document.
2 of 37
A constitution protected by a higher court and requiring special procedures to amend it.
3 of 37
A political system where all legal
4 of 37
Parliamentary soverignty
The principle that parliament can make, amend and unmake any law.
5 of 37
Statute law
Law passed by parliament
6 of 37
Common / Case law
Law made by Judges, when the law does not cover the issue or is unclear
7 of 37
Traditions not contained in law but influential in the operation of a political system.
8 of 37
The dispersal of power, but not sovereignty in a political system.
9 of 37
Reforms under Blair's New Labour (1997-2008)
HOL reform (2000)
Human Rights act,
Creation of Supreme court (2005)
10 of 37
Reforms under the coalition government (2010-2015)
HOL reform and HOC boundary reform,
AV referendum (2011),
Fixed Term Parliament act (2011)
11 of 37
MPs not in a ministerial or shadow-ministerial position.
12 of 37
What are the three functions of parliament?
13 of 37
Select committees
Backbench MPs who can spend time and focus on issues outside of parliament in groups who are also knowledgeable in those areas.
14 of 37
Salisbury convention (1945)
The convention whereby the HOL does not delay or block legislation that was included in a governments manifesto.
15 of 37
When was the removal of most of the Hereditary peers in the HOL
16 of 37
Government or Public bill
The most important type of proposal that can be debated in parliament. These bills are bought forward by government ministers
17 of 37
Private bill
A bill sponsored by an organisation such as a company or local authority with intention of changing the law.
18 of 37
Hybrid bill
Has characteristics of both a public and private bill. It proposes changes to the law which would affect the general public but certain groups in particular.
19 of 37
Private Members bill
Introduced by a Backbencher or a member of the HOL.
20 of 37
What is the route for a bill to become law?
First reading,
Second reading,
Committee stage,
Report stage,
Third reading
(In both HOC then HOL)
Then Royal Assent
21 of 37
First reading
Bill is made available to MPs but is not debated or voted on at this stage.
22 of 37
Second reading
Principle of the bill is debated and a vote may be taken if it is contested.
23 of 37
Committee stage
Bill scrutinised in detail by a Public bill committee. Amendment's may be at this stage.
24 of 37
Report stage
Whole House considers amendments made at the committee stage and may accept or reject them.
25 of 37
Third reading
Amended bill is debated and voted on by the whole house.
26 of 37
HOL stages:
The same stages as the commons with an exception of the committee stage.
27 of 37
Royal assent
Monarch signs the bill, making it law.
28 of 37
PM and Cabinet
29 of 37
The group of senior ministers, chaired by the PM which is the main collective decision making body in the government.
30 of 37
Government Department
example health, education, foreign office, home office.
31 of 37
Three main roles of the executive:
Proposing legislation,
Proposing the budget,
Making policy decisons.
32 of 37
Royal prerogative
A set of powers and privileges belonging to the monarch but normally exercised by the PM or Cabinet, such as granting of honours or legal pardons
33 of 37
Collective Ministerial responsibility
Principle by which minister must support Cabinet decisions or leave the executive.
34 of 37
Individual Ministerial responsibility
The principle by which Ministers are responsible for their personal conduct for their departments.
35 of 37
Presidential government + example
an executive dominated by one individual.
Tony Blair (1997-2008)
36 of 37
Supreme court
highest court in the UK political system
37 of 37

Other cards in this set

Card 2




A constitution in which laws and practices are set out in a single document.

Card 3




Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4




Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Parliamentary soverignty


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all The British constitution resources »