Unit 4 - Life on the Margins

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: R.Perkins
  • Created on: 14-06-16 13:37
Define food supply
the processes that describe how food from a farm, for example, ends up on our tables and relates to the goods' production, processing and distribution (chgehavard.org, 2016)
1 of 73
Define food security
availability of food in a given area and the extent to which individuals can access supplies (Dunn et al, 2009)
2 of 73
Define food insecurity
the state of being without reliable access to a variety of affordable and nutritious food (Oxford Dictionaries, 2016)
3 of 73
Define inequality
the unfair situation in society when some people have more opportunities, resources etc than others (Cambridge Dictionaries Online, 2016)
4 of 73
Define famine
a chronic shortage of food in which many people die from starvation (Witherick, 2010)
5 of 73
Define surplus
Extent to which the production of goods and services exceed consumption (BusinessDictionary.com, 2016)
6 of 73
The Mauritian Ministry for Agro Industry and Food Security.....
emphasised the need to diversify food production (New Agriculturalist, 2012)
7 of 73
60% of Mauritian exports....
are destined for the EU (New Agriculturalist, 2012)
8 of 73
Between 2005 and 2009, the EU's guaranteed sugar prices declined by.....
36% (New Agriculturalist, 2012)
9 of 73
Sugar cane waste is used...
for the production of biofuels (Milton, 2013)
10 of 73
In 2010, the EU earmarked 13m million Euros....
to increase the mechanisation and competitiveness of the sugar industry (New Agriculturalist, 2012)
11 of 73
Partnerships with the Austrian government....
allowed for the effects of development projects to be mapped out using computer technology (BBC, 1992)
12 of 73
The government has pushed for self sufficiency since the 2008 food riots....
They are now 100% self sufficient in fresh vegetables (New Agriculturalist, 2012)
13 of 73
The production of sugar cane in Mauritius....
takes up 90% of the country's agricultural land (New Agriculturalist, 2012)
14 of 73
The 38 mile long island needed....
derocking (BBC, 1992)
15 of 73
If nothing was done about population growth in the 1980s....
the population of Mauritius would have been 3m by 2000 (New Agriculturalist, 2012)
16 of 73
The country imports...
70% of its food (New Agriculturalist, 2012)
17 of 73
In terms of GDP, sugar cane production counts for....
2% of the Mauritian GDP (Milton, 2013)
18 of 73
Growing sugar cane takes up....
40% of the total land mass in Mauritius (Milton, 2013)
19 of 73
During the 1990s, exports of sugar cane...
made up 99% of the exports from the country (BBC,1992)
20 of 73
The production of maize in Argentina increased....
to meet biofuel demands (Digby et al, 2009)
21 of 73
It takes 230kg of maize to produce enough biofuel for one car's tank.....
this amount of maize could feed a family of four for a year (Digby et al, 2009)
22 of 73
The government introduced Monsanto's GM technology....
in 1996 (Digby et al, 2009)
23 of 73
There are concerns over monoculture as....
the land is being drained of its nutrients (Digby et al, 2009)
24 of 73
Since 2000....
1m hectares of forest have been destroyed to grow GM soya (D)
25 of 73
Yields have increased by....
173% since 1996 (The Guardian, 2014)
26 of 73
A profit of...
£3bn has been generated as a result of growing GM soya (The Guardian, 2014)
27 of 73
Since 1996, GM farming has created....
1m jobs (D)
28 of 73
There have been reports of....
cancers, birth defects and blood poisoning within those who live near GM areas (Vice News, 2014)
29 of 73
Although the population of Argentina is 43m....
the country produces enough food for 300m (D)
30 of 73
Most of the yield is exported to the EU and China....
as animal feed
31 of 73
Western governments are reluctant to send aid to Horn of Africa nations...
as money is likely to fall into the hands of corrupt powers (Harding, 2011)
32 of 73
Al Shabab prevented aid agencies....
such as the International Corps from entering Somalia during the 2011 famine (BBC News, 2011)
33 of 73
9,000 peace keepers....
have been deployed in Somalia to encourage talks between the militants and the UN (BBC News, 2011)
34 of 73
$1.3m....
of aid was required to solve the problems caused by the famine (Wikipedia, 2016)
35 of 73
Rapid population growth in northern Kenya....
saw the population double in 25 years (Harding, 2011)
36 of 73
In both Eritrea and Somalia....
70% of the population is malnourished (UN,FAO, 2014)
37 of 73
Thousands had died in Somalia....
before an official state of famine was declared (Wikipedia, 2016)
38 of 73
Over 25% of the Somali population....
are displaced (BBC News, 2011)
39 of 73
40% of the population of the Horn of Africa region....
are malnourished (Wikipedia, 2016)
40 of 73
The fluctuation of rainfall....
led to the worst drought in 60 years, triggering the famine (Harding, 2011)
41 of 73
In Kalahandi, the government owns the land....
as farmers can't afford to buy it themselves (Digby et al, 2009)
42 of 73
Between 1998 and 2003, rice production exceeded local levels so....
it contributed to national reserves (Digby et al, 2009)
43 of 73
The Food Security Bill of 2014 aims to support 800m Indians...
but only 270m are in poverty (Al Jazeera, 2014)
44 of 73
In Dorli, Maharashtra....
there have been 600 farmer suicides as a result of crop failure and debt (Digby et al, 2009)
45 of 73
50% of India's food surplus....
goes to cattle feed (In Motion Magazine, 2013)
46 of 73
In 2007, the mass starvation resulted in....
250 deaths from cholera, people forced into eating tree bark and the Kalahandi population being unable to buy rice for a year.
47 of 73
Droughts are frequent in Kalahandi...
they caused a famine in the 1980s (Digby et al, 2009)
48 of 73
Droughts have persisted in the region....
for 30 years (D)
49 of 73
The area is also affected by...
deforestation and a lack of development as a result of terrain (D)
50 of 73
The conflict in Darfur has persisted for....
40 years (New Internationalist, 2010)
51 of 73
Fighting between the government, rebels and the Janjaweed militia....
escalated at the beginning of the 21st century (Witherick, 2010)
52 of 73
Violence was directed at aid agencies....
this resulted in the WFP cutting the amount of aid sent by 40% (UN News Centre, 2008)
53 of 73
The Sudanese government promised aid trucks....
these never materialised (somalipress, 2008)
54 of 73
Between 2002 and 2008, the number of people who'd died as a result of fighting was at.....
300,000 (Witherick, 2010)
55 of 73
2/3 of the deaths during the conflict....
were related to starvation, disease and exposure (Witherick, 2010)
56 of 73
Khartoum's National Islamic Front...
refused to disperse or even sell food at a reasonable price to the WFP (Reeves and Freeman, 2006)
57 of 73
In August 2006....
335,000 people in Darfur had been cut off from aid (UN, 2006)
58 of 73
The percentage of people who rely on agriculture for employment is...
60% (UN News Centre, 2008)
59 of 73
Women and children have been....
harassed by militia when collecting firewood (UN News Centre, 2008)
60 of 73
45% of the population....
were reliant on emergency food aid (Witherick, 2010)
61 of 73
The increased frequency of droughts meant...
that water supplies couldn't meet the needs of farmers and pastoralists (Witherick, 2010)
62 of 73
A conflict over...
fertile land and water emerged (Witherick, 2010)
63 of 73
There was a profound lack of rainfall in 2007....
this caused the prices of food at home to double (somalipress,2008)
64 of 73
The EU CAP stimulates overproduction which led to...
mountains of butter and wine (Digby et al, 2009)
65 of 73
Producers are unfairly protected....
from markets and competition (Digby et al, 2009)
66 of 73
There's the expectation that all EU countries will receive...
the same level of support. Britain received around £40m through CAP (Centre for European Politics, 2007)
67 of 73
The number of full time farmers...
12m (EU Commission, 2014)
68 of 73
The number involved in agrobusiness...
46M (EU Commission, 2014)
69 of 73
When market prices for a particular product falls....
farmers are compensated through subsidies (Digby et al, 2009)
70 of 73
The links between the levels of production and the amount of subsidies....
were broken in 2003. This was known as 'decoupling' (Digby et al, 2009)
71 of 73
Changes to the CAP in 1991 and 2000....
saw greater attention being paid to the needs of the environment (Digby et al, 2009)
72 of 73
Farmers are.....
stewards of the countryside (EU Commission, 2014)
73 of 73

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define food security

Back

availability of food in a given area and the extent to which individuals can access supplies (Dunn et al, 2009)

Card 3

Front

Define food insecurity

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define inequality

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define famine

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Life on the Margins resources »