UK Parliament

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BackBench Revolt
When group of non-cabinet members vote against their leaders. 2001 - 100 labour backbenchers voted against the governement when they attempted to remove 2 labour MPs from important committees.Conservatives faced a backbench revolt from bb eurosceptic
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Bicameralism
The legislative branch is split into two seperate chambers. In Uk asymetric as House of commons more important.
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Elective Dictatorship
Term coined by Lord Halisham. Parliament is dominated by government, government dominated by PM. e.g. Tony Blair
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Executive tyranny
That Government dominates parliament.
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Fusion of Powers
Bagehot's term. Describes how there is no seperation of powers between the exacutive and legislative branch.
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Gridlock
Shows weaknesses of the executive branch if they dont have a strong majority on parliament. Likely in a coalition. E.g. Constituency boundaries and HofL reform.
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Hereditary peers.
92 in HofL after House of Lords reform in 1999.
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House of Commons
Fully elected (lower chamber) where the government is formed from.
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House Of lords
Unelected chamber. Life peers appointed, hereditary peers, and bishops.
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Law lords
Use to e the most senior judges in the uk until the CRA 2005.
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Legislate
Primary power and role of Parliament (legislative branch)
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Liaison Committee
overseas government and the work of select committees.
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Life Peers
A memeber of the HofL appointed during their life due to their expertise.
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"Lobby Fodder"
Mp's that vote the way Whips instruct them. Not a valued vote. Labour Backbenchers under Blair
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Lords Spiritual
The bishops in the House of Lords. e.g. Archbishop of Canterbury
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Mandate
The Authority parliament have to carry out legislation, given to them through elections.
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Minority Government
When one party does not have an overall majority but creates a government without a coalition. E.g. Callaghn, ended in a vote of no confidence.
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How Many Mp's are there?
650
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Parliamentry Government
When the government is drawn from the legislative branch.
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Parliamentry "Ping Pong"
When the House of Common creates a bill but the HOuse of Lords Send it back, this can happen a few times if the bill keeps having little adittions or changes.
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Public Accounts Committee
A select committee that scrutinises Governemnt expenditure. Also higlighted Tax avoidance schemes of Google and Starbucks.
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Queen's Speech
Sets out the legislative programme for the year ahead. Is the official state opening of parliament. written by PM said by the Queen.
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PM Questions and minister questions
Spoken questions that are used as a scrutinising tool. not effective, used for "Soundbite politics" they avoid answering questions
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Royal Assent
Final stage of making legislation, where the queen gives her seal of approval.
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Scrutiny
Role of Parliament. Executive is held accountable.
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Sailsbury Convention
Convention that means the HOuse of Lords cannot challenge policy created in commons that was in the party manifesto.
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Select Committees.
Designed to fulfill the Role of parliament to scrutinise. on a specific issue e.g. Environment
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Three Line Whip
Party Whip telling MPs they need their vote on this bill. e.g. tuition fees for Lib-dems
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Transformative Model
Leaders who identify the problem and have big plans to combatt this. sometimes contreversial. E.g. Blair and Thatcher.
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5 Key roles/powers of parliament
Scrutiny, Legislate, Legitimate, Represent, Recruit minister
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Pairing
If an MP can't vote they pair up with someone else who would have cancelled out their vote who can't vote as well, this therefore keeps the balance.
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Standing Committees
Permanent groups tat scrutinise the government.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The legislative branch is split into two seperate chambers. In Uk asymetric as House of commons more important.

Back

Bicameralism

Card 3

Front

Term coined by Lord Halisham. Parliament is dominated by government, government dominated by PM. e.g. Tony Blair

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

That Government dominates parliament.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Bagehot's term. Describes how there is no seperation of powers between the exacutive and legislative branch.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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