Transport: Road pricing and combating road congestion

  • Created by: Jade
  • Created on: 01-01-13 22:15

1. In practice, cars will contain __________ linked to a satellite which will monitor their location and direction.

  • Black boxes
  • Silver boxes
  • Monitoring boxes
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2. _______ is when demand exceeds supply on a given network at a given time period e.g. rush hours, school holidays etc.

  • Peaking
  • Loading
  • Congestion
  • Excess demand

3. Road congestion contributes to air pollution, lack of traffic safety, waste of petrol, opportunity cost of sitting in traffic jams, cost to employers/ business time wasted could be spent producing products. Examples of?

  • Negative externalities
  • Positive externalities

4. London Congestion Charge and Low Emission Zone whereby it has been estimated that congestion has been cut by around?

  • 20%
  • 10%
  • 15%

5. Road pricing has been introduced in Singapore. In the first year, it saw a ____ fall in peak traffic, a reduction in the number of multiple trips in the charging zone and improved vehicle speeds.

  • 25%
  • 18%
  • 16%
  • 20%

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