Topic 4 - Conservation abroad glossary

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Abiotic factors
Physical factors such as light, temperature and water.
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Albedo
A measure of the reflectivity of a surface. More reflective surfaces have higher albedos.
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Antarctic Treaty (1959)
An international agreement to protect and manage Antarctica.
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Biodiversity
A measure of the variety and abundance of wildlife species.
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Biomass
The total mass of living or recently living material in an area.
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Biotic factors
Biological factors such as food and disease.
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British Antarctic Survey (BAS)
UK research organisation that operates in Antarctica.
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Carbon sequestration
Any process that is used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, such as afforestation or underground storage.
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CITES
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (of wild fauna and flora).
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Ecotourism
Tourism intended to have low environmental impact, usually involving seeing wildlife.
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Gene pool
The total variety of different genes in all the members of a population.
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LEDCs
Less Economically Developed Countries.
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Microclimate
A small area with a climate that is different from the surrounding area.
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Niche
The niche of a species is the role it plays in its habitat, which includes how it makes use of resources and responds to the other species in its habitat.
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No-Take Zone
An area where the catching or removal of species is banned, e.g. areas where fishing is not allowed.
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Nutrient
Any chemical that is essential to an organism for growth or for metabolic processes.
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Plankton
Organisms that drift in the surface layers of the sea or other water bodies.
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Slash and burn farming
Farming in a forest where a clearing is created by burning and is farmed for a few years until nutrient depletion and weed growth cause it to be abandoned, as a new clearing is created elsewhere.
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Species
A group of organisms that resemble each other more than other organisms and naturally interbreed to produce fertile offspring.
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Symbiosis
A relationship between organisms of different species that live together. One benefits while the other species may benefit, be unaffected or suffer.
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Transpiration
The loss of water by evaporation from the stomata of leaves.
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Upwelling
An upwelling is where deep ocean water comes to the surface, often carrying nutrients and causing rich algal blooms.
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UV light
UV is short wavelength radiation emitted by the sun. Its energy can cause chemical reactions to take place, such as in the ozone layer or sunburn and DNA damage.
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Card 2

Front

A measure of the reflectivity of a surface. More reflective surfaces have higher albedos.

Back

Albedo

Card 3

Front

An international agreement to protect and manage Antarctica.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A measure of the variety and abundance of wildlife species.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The total mass of living or recently living material in an area.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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