The UK constitution

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What is a constitution?
A set of rule that state how a state is governed
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What does a constitution do?
It seeks to establish the duties, powers and functions of various institutions in government, regulates their relationships and defines the relationship between the state and an individual
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What are the three features of our constitution?
It is uncodified, flexible and unitary
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What does codified mean?
That something is all written down in one document
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Is the USA's constitution codified or uncodified?
Codified
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What does unitary mean?
That all power resides with parliament
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What are the three features of the USA's constitution?
Codified, rigid and federal
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What does federal mean?
That power is split between the national government and the individual states government
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How many amendments has the USA's constitution had over 200 years?
Just over 27
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What are the three different parts to our government?
The legislature, the executive and the judiciary
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Do we have separation of powers in the UK?
No
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What does separation of powers mean?
That you can only sit in one area of government (i.e you cant be in the executive and the legislature at the same time)
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Does the USA have separation of powers?
Yes
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Give an example of the USA enforcing separation of powers
When Obama was senator for Illinois he had to give up this seat to run for president
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Are government ministers allowed to sit in the judiciary?
No
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What do we have instead of a separation of powers?
A fusion of powers
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What do we lack from not having a codified constitution?
Entrenched rights
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Name the 6 sources of the UK's constitution
Common law, royal perogative, treaties and laws of the EU, works of authority, statute law and conventions
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What is statute law?
Every single act of parliament that has been passed and can be enforced in the judiciary
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Give an example of a statute law and what it does
The habeas corpus law- that protects us against wrongful imprisonment
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What is common law?
Law made by judges and are customs e.g civil liberties that are not written down
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Give an example of a royal perogative
The declaration of war (changing in 2015)
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What are conventions?
Traditions
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Give an example of a convention
That if a minister makes a mistake, he should resign
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What are works of authority?
Documents that we draw from to help work out appropriate constitutional procedures
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Give an example of an EU law or treaty that is a source of the EU constitution
The Maastricht treaty
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What did the Masstricht treaty do?
Created the European Union and the Euro
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What is the tori viewpoint on reforming the constitution?
"If it aint broke, don't fix it"
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does a constitution do?

Back

It seeks to establish the duties, powers and functions of various institutions in government, regulates their relationships and defines the relationship between the state and an individual

Card 3

Front

What are the three features of our constitution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does codified mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Is the USA's constitution codified or uncodified?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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