The Roaring Twenties!

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When was Prohibition introduced in America?
16th January, 1920
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Where did the new film industry really take off?
Hollywood
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What was the name given to the secret code members of the Klu Klux Klan had?
Klonversations
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What name was given to the alcohol people made themselves?
Moonshine
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How many members did the Klu Klux Klan have in 1925?
Approx. 6 million
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What common name is given to the shooting of several members of 'Bugs' Moran gang by Al Capone's men?
Valentine's Day Massacre
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Who became President in 1921?
Warren G. Harding
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What did the Fordney-McCumber Tariff allow the US President to do?
Raise or lower rates by 50%.
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How did the Republican government's policies encourage the economic boom in the 1920s?
Government should leave the economy alone – they adopted a laissez-faire (free market) policy. This meant that big businesses were free to expand without being held back by the government.
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Why did agriculture not share in the boom?
The agriculture industry had tried to take advantage of new machinery being made and spent loads of money produced wheat, grains, etc, which people didn't really want anymore. This meant they lost lots of their money and couldn't get it back.
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What did the Klu Klux Klan believe in? Who did they persecute?
The KKK believed in segregation; they used intimidation and other things such as lynching, stoning, etc, to oppress African Americans, Jews, and other minorities.
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What is rum-running?
Illegal transportation of alcohol (also known as 'bootlegging')
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What boosted the car industry in the 1920s?
The Production Line - with people doing one job each along a line, it would be possible to build a Ford Model T car in an hour and a half instead of 13.5 hours.
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What crime was Al Capone convicted of in 1931?
Tax evasion
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What year did the Wall Street Crash happen?
1929
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Give four economic problems that led to the Wall Street Crash.
'Buying on the margin', irrational exuberance, mismatch between production and consumption, and agricultural recession.
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What is 'buying on the margin'?
Borrowing money from a broker to purchase stock.
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What is a 'broker'?
A person who buys or sells goods.
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How many Americans were unemployed by 1933?
13 million!
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Why are the shanty towns built by unemployed people during the Depression called 'Hoovervilles'?
They were named after the President at the time, Herbert Hoover, whom they blamed for their unemployment.
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Why did Hoover lose the 1932 election?
People blamed him for the Wall Street Crash and the Depression, and didn't want it to happen again with him in charge.
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When and what was the Great Depression?
Worldwide Depression in the decade after WW2 - Started in 1930s.
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Who won the 1932 election? What were his three main aims?
Franklin Roosevelt - helping the unemployed, encouraging economic recovery, and reforming the economic system.
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What are 'alphabet agencies'? Name three.
U.S federal government agencies set up as part of the New Deal. CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps), CWA (Civil Works Administration) and FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation).
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What does TVA stand for?
Tennessee Valley Authority
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What is the New Deal?
The economic policy of Roosevelt.
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What is the second New Deal?
Term used by historians to describe the second set of stages of the New Deal.
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Who was Huey Long?
An American politician who opposed the New Deal.
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How successful was the New Deal in achieving its three main aims?
Successful, in that it slightly helped end unemployment, but unsuccessful in that it didn't totally end unemployment in America.
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Card 2

Front

Where did the new film industry really take off?

Back

Hollywood

Card 3

Front

What was the name given to the secret code members of the Klu Klux Klan had?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What name was given to the alcohol people made themselves?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many members did the Klu Klux Klan have in 1925?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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