The Respiratory System

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What waste product is produced by the muscles that the repiratory system has to remove?
Carbon Dioxide
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What is Oxygen Debt?
The amount of oxygen taken in recovery above the amount which would usually have been consumed when resting.
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Give another word for breathing in
Inhalation
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Where are the Intercostal Muscles?
Muscles in between the ribs.
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What do the muscles need more of to work effficiently when exercising?
Oxygen
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What function do the Intercostal Muscles have when we breathe?
They expand the ribcage
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What is the Diaphragm?
A large muscle near the bottom of the lungs
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What function does the diaphragm have in the respiratory system?
Allows the lungs to expand or contract to inhale.
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List the first 5 steps of Gaseous Exchange
1. Air goes into the nose/mouth 2. It passes down the bronchus 3. It passes into the brochioles 4. Travels into the alveoli where the oxygen is absorbed 5. The oxygen is absorbed through the capillaries in the alveoli into the blood.
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List the remaining steps of Gaseous Exchange
6. Meanwhile, waste-rich blood releases its CO2 into the alveoli. 7. Air is exhaled, containing an increased amount of CO2.
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What are the 2 main functions of the respiratory system?
1. Bring oxygen into the body. 2. Take CO2 out of the body.
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What is EAR an acronym for?
Expired Air Resuscitation
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When is EAR used?
When a person has stopped breathing.
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How many times does the average person breathe a minute?
21 times during rest
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What happens to our BREATHING during vigorous exercise?
We can start breathing deeper or panting.
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What is Tidal Volume?
The amount of air inspired and expired with each breath at rest or at exercise.
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What happens to the Tidal Volume during exercise?
It will increase.
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What is Vital Capacity?
The Largest amount of air which can be made to pass in and out of the lungs by the most forceful inhalation and exhalation.
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How is Vital Capacity affected during exercise?
It will increase.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Oxygen Debt?

Back

The amount of oxygen taken in recovery above the amount which would usually have been consumed when resting.

Card 3

Front

Give another word for breathing in

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where are the Intercostal Muscles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do the muscles need more of to work effficiently when exercising?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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