The Cold War: the Thaw

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  • Created by: Dan
  • Created on: 17-04-14 15:33
What year did Stalin die?
1953
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What year did the Korean War end?
1953
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Who became the leader of the USSR after the death of Stalin?
Nikita Khrushchev , although only secured his position in 1957
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Who became president after Truman in 1953?
Eisenhower
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What was Khrushchev's policy towards the West
Peaceful Coexistance
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What year was the Warsaw pact started?
The Warsaw pact was started in 1955
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When did the USA and the USSR develop the Lithium bomb?
USSR in 1953 and the USA in 1954
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What year was the East German uprising, and why did it occur?
1953- It was due to the introduction of longer working hours and higher prices. 25,000 people were arrested 400 were executed
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Who were the leaders struggling for power after Stalin's death?
Khrushchev, Beria, Malenkov and Bulganin
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What was Malenkov's 'new course'
He believed that a war on Capitalism was no longer inevitable and therefore resources could be directed towards consumer goods and raising living standards rather than arms build up
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What idea was Malenkov's 'new course' based upon?
It was based on the idea that Capitalism was inevitably going to fail so direct conflict was no longer nesscacary
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What year was the 20th party congress and what did Khrushchev say in it?
1956- Khrushchev started his policy of de-stalinisation
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What was Khrushchev's policy of de-stalinisation?
It was an attempt to move away from the policies of Stalin by criticizing his approach as leader.
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What treaty was signed in 1955 and what was it about?
The Austrian State treaty- The two superpowers agreed that they would remove their forces from Austria leaving it to be neutral
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What country did the USSR withdraw influence from in 1956?
Finland- Khrushchev had reason to retain influence in a non-Communist country.
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Who was Eisenhower's Secretary of State?
John Foster Dulles
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What was Dulles hard line approach to communism?
Rollback- Liberating states of Eastern Europe
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What was Eisenhower's new policy towards foreign affairs?
New look- The idea that communism was aggressively expanding, military means to combat this through massive retalliation
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What was Eisenhower's policy of massive retaliation?
Implied the use of full on nuclear force in response to any aggressive action from the communists. It was the start of brinkmanship.
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What year did the Korean War end?

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1953

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Who became the leader of the USSR after the death of Stalin?

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Card 4

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Who became president after Truman in 1953?

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Card 5

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What was Khrushchev's policy towards the West

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