The THAW - BERLIN CRISIS

the Berlin crisis of the thaw

a2 history with edexcel

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  • Created on: 29-06-12 12:58
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Berlin Crisis
1. Why was West Berlin a likely cause of tension during the Cold War?
Stalin resented the West owning a potion of his zone in Germany, especially the capital. It also
appeared threatening for his enemies to be in his zone and able to attack from West Berlin.
However, this would also cause tension if Stalin threatened the West through West Berlin. Yet, the
greatest cause of tension related to West Berlin was the fact that West Berlin was so much more
economically successful than East Berlin. As a result, the intelligent and skilled inhabitants of East
Berlin were moving to West Berlin, and, from there, to West Germany.
2. The Berlin Crisis of 58-62: what were the causes and results?
One of the main causes of the Berlin Crisis was the intelligent, talented and skilled inhabitants of East
Germany were using West Berlin to get to West Germany and the flourishing Capitalist economy they
found there. The result of the Berlin Crisis was a wall being built dividing East and West Berlin.
3. Why did the Berlin Crisis not lead to a war?
Both the USA and the USSR were wary of direct conflict with the other. With both superpowers being
in possession of nuclear weapons, a direct conflict or war could potentially destroy the Earth. As a
result, both leaders were keen to find a way to negotiate if the situation got too close to a `hot' war.
4. Does the Berlin Crisis suggest there really was a thaw?
Though Khrushchev's actions did not lead to war, the actions in themselves suggest there wasn't a
thaw. It is apparent that there were strong tensions between West and East, and Khrushchev
behaved similarly to what would have been expected of Stalin. This suggests that there definitely
wasn't a thaw in relations after Stalin's death.

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