The Cognitive interview

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Who came up with the cognitive interview and how?
Fisher and Geilsman - reviewed relevant psychological work on memory and related it to the war interviews were carried out
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What is the first component?
Report everything - even if seem irrelevant (provides cues for important info)
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Second component?
Mental reinstatement of original context - mentally recreate the scene and contacts from original incident
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3rd component?
Changing the order - eg reversing order of events
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4th component?
Changing the perspective - asked to recall interview from several perspectives e.g. criminal
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Why do they use this method?
First two is the idea that if theirs consistency between actual incident and recreated = increased likeliness the witnesswill recall more details/second two = info can be retrieved through diff routes
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Who conduced research on the effectiveness?
Kohnen et al = meta analysis of 53 studies found average 35% incr of accuracy on CI compared to normal techniques BUT most was done on volunteer students in a lab (few attempts on real life studies outside of lab)
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What is an issue of the CI?
Time problems - more time is needed than is available by police, instead use deliberate strategies to get limited amount of the useful information needed
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Card 2

Front

What is the first component?

Back

Report everything - even if seem irrelevant (provides cues for important info)

Card 3

Front

Second component?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

3rd component?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

4th component?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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