The Ontological Argument

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Who originally created the ontological argument?
Anselm
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What is the first step of Anselm's first ontological argument?
God =greatest concievable being.
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What is the second step of Anselm's first ontological argument?
God not this if only existent in mind → being > God could exist in reality.
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What is the third step of Anselm's first ontological argument?
Therefore God must exist in mind + reality.
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What does "neccesary" mean?
Eternal, depending on nothing else to exist
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What does "contingent" mean?
Comes in/out of existence, dep. on others.
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What is the first step of Anselm's second ontological argument?
God = GCB.
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What is the second step of Anselm's second ontological argument?
God = unsurpassable in every way, w/ neccesary existence.
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What is the third step of Anselm's second ontological argument?
Therefore God exists neccesarily.
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What is the first step of Descartes' ontological argument?
God has all perfections.
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What is the second step of Descartes' ontological argument?
Existence is a perfection.
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What is the third step of Descartes' ontological argument?
God exists.
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What did Descartes believe we were born w/ an innate understanding of?
Things like cause,shape, number, GOD
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Explain Descartes' use of a triangle in his ontological argument.
Has to have three sides and 180°; part of triangle essence.W/o these - not triangle.
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What did Kant believe about existence?
It's not a predicate.
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What did Kant believe about the statement "God exists"?
✗analytic statement; thinking of concept which isn't actualised
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How does Kant use the example of a unicorn in his ontological argument
"White" + "one horn" = predicates. + "exists" doesn't actualise concept.
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Explain how Gaunilo used the example of an island to criticise Anselm's argument.
Perfect island exists in mind as we understand concept. Island in mind < island in mind + reality → if this is the case, island must exist in reality
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What was Anselm's response to Gaunilo?
His criticism doesn't work as God is neccesary wehre an island is contingent
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What does Aquinas believe about God?
Not self-evident, unknowable to human mind, poss. to have concept of non-existence of God
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What is the first step of Norman Malcolm's ontological argument?
God = eternal; doesn't exist today then never will.
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What is the second step of Norrman Malcolm's ontological argument?
God must exist necessarily.
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What is the third step of Norman Malcolm's ontological argument?
God's existence = imposs./necc.
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What is the fourth step of Norman Malcolm's ontological argument?
God existence✗ imposs (isn't self-contradictory)
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What is the fifth step of Norman Malcolm's ontological argument?
God exists necessarily.
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What is the first step of Alvin Platinga's ontological argument?
There's a possible world w/ being w/ maximal greatness (exists in all poss. worlds).
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What is the second step of Alvin Platinga's ontological argument?
Our world = poss. world, being exists in it.
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What is the third step of Alvin Plantinga's ontological argument?
God exists
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What is a synthetic argument?
Truth only establishable by looking for evidence
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What is an analytic argument?
Statement true by definition, e.g "all ravens are black"
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Card 2

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What is the first step of Anselm's first ontological argument?

Back

God =greatest concievable being.

Card 3

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What is the second step of Anselm's first ontological argument?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the third step of Anselm's first ontological argument?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does "neccesary" mean?

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