Arguments for the existence of God- Ontological Argument.

Define a prior
Arguments which relies on logical deduction and not sense experience.
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Define deductive
Arguments where the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true.
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Define necessary
A necessary truth is a propostion that could not possibly be false.
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Define contingent
A contingent truth is a proposition that happens to be true but might have been otherwise so it could have failed to exist.
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Define analytic
Statements/ propositions that are true by the meaning of the words used. True by definition.
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Define synthetic
Synthetic statements/ propositions are those whose truth or falsity are determined by sense experience
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Define inductive
Arguments which is probabilistics, because the truth of its conclusion cannot be guaranteed by truth of its premises.
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Define subject
Who or what a sentence is about.
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Define predicate
Gives us information about the subject.
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What is the bases of the ontological argument?
God's existence can be deduced from his definition: once God is correctely defined, there can be no doubt that he exists.
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What is Anselms ontological argument?
P1. God is the greatest conceicable being, P2. It is greater to exist in reality than to exist only in the mind, Conclusion: Therefore, as the greatest conceivable being, God must exist in reality.
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Criticisms by Gaunilo:
Gaunilo made a parody argument, P1. It is possible to conceive of the most perfect and real lost island, P2. It is greater to exist in reality than to exist only in the mind, Conclusion: so the most perfect and real lost island must exist in reality
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Criticsms from Kant
Existence is not a predicate, We can accept that 'necessary exsitence' is part of what we mean by God but it does not follow from this that God exists in reality.
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Strengths of Anselms ontological argument.
The argument is deductive, so if it works it's a proof, a confession of faith, good training ground in learning how to do philosophy.
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Weaknesses of Anselms ontological argument.
Kants criticsms, Some reject Anselms definition of God.
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The status of Anselm's argument as a proof.
It is proof if we agree it works, since it does not seem to work it is not really a proof as we wouldn't disagree with it if it was a obvious proof like 2+2=4
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The value of Anselms argument for religious faith.
Anselm was helped to understand his idea through a religious experience, It was a prayer logical proof for thoes who already believe in God.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Arguments where the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true.

Back

Define deductive

Card 3

Front

A necessary truth is a propostion that could not possibly be false.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A contingent truth is a proposition that happens to be true but might have been otherwise so it could have failed to exist.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Statements/ propositions that are true by the meaning of the words used. True by definition.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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