The Cognitive Approach

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What is the assumption of the cognitive approach?
All mental processes can be studied scientifically
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What three main aspects does the cognitive approach focus on?
Memory, perception and thought processes
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What is the only thing that the cognitive approach can make and why?
Inferences because we can't observe the processes that are taking place
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What happens in the informational processing model?
Stimuli goes to sensory memory where it's either forgotten or paid attention to, it goes to short term memory where it will be forgotten if it isn't rehearsed. Goes to LTM if encoding takes place
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Describe the computer model
The brain is the computer, then coding takes place, like when you download something onto a computer then the info is stored in the brain like on a memory stick
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What is a schema?
A mental framework of beliefs and viewpoints that influence our cognitive processes
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What is a strength of the cognitive approach?
Experiments are conducted in labs so they are rigorous and scientific
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What is a weakness of the cognitive approach?
They don't allow human emotion to be considered (machine reductionism)
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Card 2

Front

What three main aspects does the cognitive approach focus on?

Back

Memory, perception and thought processes

Card 3

Front

What is the only thing that the cognitive approach can make and why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happens in the informational processing model?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the computer model

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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