1. What did the Skinner box experiment involve?
- Dogs were conditioned to associate the ringing of a bell with the presence of food
- Rats completed mazes, which had a treat at the end
- Rats activated levers, resulting in the rewarding of treats for the rats
- Pigeons completed mazes, which had a treat at the end
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2. Positive reinforcemnet is..
- when a stimulus causes a conditioned response
- when a behaviour is reinforced by way of a reward
- when a behaviour is reinforced by way of punishment
3. Operant conditioning is...
- Learning through positive and negative reinforcement or punishment, i.e: a child being praised for sharing
- Learning through association, i.e; a child becoming frightened of dogs permanently after being bitten by a dog
- The development of 'schema' in the brain at a young age
4. What is a real life application of classical conditioning?
- Led to new treatments for healing fractures
- Led to new treatments for phobias
- Led to new treatments for addiction
5. Which of these is a valid criticism of behaviourism?
- It ignores the possibility of childhood having an impact on any behaviour
- It ignores the role of 'schema' in learning
- It ignores the possibility of free will having an impact on any behaviour
- It has poor real-life application