The Behaviourist Approach - IHS Quiz

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1. What did the Skinner box experiment involve?

  • Dogs were conditioned to associate the ringing of a bell with the presence of food
  • Rats completed mazes, which had a treat at the end
  • Rats activated levers, resulting in the rewarding of treats for the rats
  • Pigeons completed mazes, which had a treat at the end
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2. Positive reinforcemnet is..

  • when a stimulus causes a conditioned response
  • when a behaviour is reinforced by way of a reward
  • when a behaviour is reinforced by way of punishment

3. Operant conditioning is...

  • Learning through positive and negative reinforcement or punishment, i.e: a child being praised for sharing
  • Learning through association, i.e; a child becoming frightened of dogs permanently after being bitten by a dog
  • The development of 'schema' in the brain at a young age

4. What is a real life application of classical conditioning?

  • Led to new treatments for healing fractures
  • Led to new treatments for phobias
  • Led to new treatments for addiction

5. Which of these is a valid criticism of behaviourism?

  • It ignores the possibility of childhood having an impact on any behaviour
  • It ignores the role of 'schema' in learning
  • It ignores the possibility of free will having an impact on any behaviour
  • It has poor real-life application

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