The Behaviourist Approach - IHS Quiz

1. What did the Skinner box experiment involve?

  • Rats activated levers, resulting in the rewarding of treats for the rats
  • Dogs were conditioned to associate the ringing of a bell with the presence of food
  • Rats completed mazes, which had a treat at the end
  • Pigeons completed mazes, which had a treat at the end
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2. Positive reinforcemnet is..

  • when a behaviour is reinforced by way of a reward
  • when a behaviour is reinforced by way of punishment
  • when a stimulus causes a conditioned response

3. Behaviourism emphasises that...

  • New behaviour cannot be learnt, it is pre-programmed into the way we function/our mindset
  • The environment has an impact on an individual's behaviour, more so than innate qualities
  • An individual's innate qualities have a greater impact on their behaviour than environmental factors

4. What is a real life application of classical conditioning?

  • Led to new treatments for phobias
  • Led to new treatments for addiction
  • Led to new treatments for healing fractures

5. Why has Skinner's Box experiment faced ethical criticism?

  • The animals were in very stressful and unpleasant conditions
  • The animals were starved

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