TB7 B&B MCQs Lecture 1; Brain mechanisms of language

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 26-11-15 16:39

1. What is dementia?

  • Disorder of speaking and listening caused by stroke, tumour, brain injury.
  • Progressive, degenerative disease which can affect speech and language over time
  • Disorder of language acquired genetically and arising in later stages of development
  • Caused by a lack of cognitive reserve, dementia is a progressive degenerative brain disorder that only affects general executive functioning
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Other questions in this quiz

2. In repeating unfamiliar words where there is no knowledge of meaning, which process occurs?

  • A dorsal non-semantic route is taken from auditory cortex to wernickes area, the angular gyrus, the anterior frontal gyrus and terminating in speech motor cortex
  • A ventral non-semantic route is taken from auditory cortex to wernickes area, the angular gyrus, the anterior frontal gyrus and terminating in speech motor cortex
  • A dorsal non-semantic route is taken from auditory cortex to wernickes area, the angular gyrus, the inferior frontal gyrus and terminating in speech motor cortex
  • A ventral non-semantic route is taken from auditory cortex to wernickes area, the angular gyrus, the inferior frontal gyrus and terminating in speech motor cortex

3. What do the symptoms of deep dysphasia imply?

  • Damage to the dorsal route and partial ventral damage. Right hemisphere systems are potentially being used to compensate.
  • Damage to the ventral route and partial dorsal damage. Right hemisphere systems are potentially being used to compensate.

4. Which of these specific structures do agrammatic patients NOT struggle with?

  • Verbs
  • Inflectional endings
  • Word order and sentence structure
  • Function words

5. What are aphasias?

  • Disorders of speaking and listening caused by stroke, tumour, brain injury.
  • Progressive, degenerative diseases causing a loss of language over time
  • Disorders of language acquired genetically and arising in later stages of development
  • Progressive, degenerative diseases causing a loss of motor control (and subsequently language) over time

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