Systematic Desensitisation

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what does the approach assume about mental disorders?
that they are learned from the environment
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what does it say that phobias are?
learned anxiety responses to particular stimuli
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how are incompatible stimuli involved in this treatment?
says that anxiety and feelings of relaxation are incompatible responses and cannot be felt at the same time. so, they teach clients to relax when they encounter their phobic object
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define in vivo and in vitro
in vivo: in direct exposure to the phobic object. in vitro: in imaginary exposure to the phobic object
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identify the four stages of treatment
functional analysis, construction of anxiety hierarchy, relaxation training and gradual exposure
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define functional analysis
questioning in order to fully comprehend the phobia and it's triggers
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define construction of anxiety hierarchy
decides on which situations involving the phobic object would be least to most anxious for the client. e.g. most would be holding a snake and least would be picturing a snake in your mind
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define relaxation training
client is taught techniques to help them relax when they are confronted with the phobic object that work for them e.g. listening to music
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define gradual exposure
gradually introducted to the phobic object
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STRENGTH: ethical
more ethical that other treatments that are based on classical conditioning such as aversion therapy
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STRENGTH: McGraff
found that 75% of patients showed significant improvement after this treatment
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STRENGTH: goals
there are clear goals for each session established by the client and the therapist together and so it is easy to see how effective the treatment was as the results are also clear
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WEAKNESS: stage 4
some psychologists say that gradual exposure alone is enough to treat the phobia and that the other stages of treating it are unneccesary
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WEAKNESS: Barlow
found that although 80% of people with agoraphobia temporarily improved after treatment, most of them relapsed
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WEAKNESS: observable
only focus on the observable symptoms of the phobia and not on underlying emotions and issues
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Card 2

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what does it say that phobias are?

Back

learned anxiety responses to particular stimuli

Card 3

Front

how are incompatible stimuli involved in this treatment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

define in vivo and in vitro

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

identify the four stages of treatment

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