sustainable urban development

  • Created by: Iona112
  • Created on: 12-12-21 13:24
urban sustainability strategies
- providing green spaces & recycling water
- reducing the reliance of fossil fuels & more public transport
- keeping city waste within capacity of local rivers & oceans to absorb them & making sinks for disposal of toxic chemicals
- minimising use of Gre
1 of 25
Freiburg sustainability
In 1970 the German city Freiburg set a goal of urban sustainability
2 of 25
social planning in Freiburg
- local ppl involved in Urban planning , sites for building are discussed & ideas made to council
- special groups put forward the views of children
- local ppl can invest in renew energy resources
- financial rewards given to ppl who compost their waste
3 of 25
social planning
takes into account people's need
it is important that people take part in decision making in these things that will affect their lives
4 of 25
economic planning in Freiburg
- involves providing people with employment
- its a city where people come to attend conferences on sustainability & these provides jobs for locals
- many jobs have also been created in the research & manufacture of solar technology
5 of 25
Freiburg employment
- more than 10000 people are employed in 1500 environmental businesses in the city
- more than 1000 people are employed in the solar technology industry producing advanced solar cells & the machinery to make them
6 of 25
the solar factory
- employs 250 ppl making solar panels
- solar training centre provides training in skills needed in solar tech
- institute for Solar Energy systems conducts research
- many solar institutions have their HQs in Freiburg & has major European solar energy co
7 of 25
Environmental planning in Freiburg
- ensures that resources are not wasted & the environment is protected for future generations
- one of the key strategies for making cities more sustainable is to reduce amount of waste being produced by re-using & recycling as much as possible
8 of 25
environmental things Freiburg has done
- 90kg per head on no-recyclable waste, germanys avr is 122kg
- 350 collection points for recycling
- biogas digester for organic food & garden waste
- provided energy of 28000 homes from burning waste
- reduced annual waste disposal from 140000t to 50000
9 of 25
- inner city district of Vauban in Freiburg, built on former army barracks site
- houses 5500 people in low-energy buildings
- existing trees retained, green spaces between buildings
- green roofs covered in plants store water, which is collected & reused
10 of 25
Sustainable water supply in urban areas
- involves collecting & recycling water instead of relying on water pumped from reservoirs
- homes need roof gardens with facilities for rainwater harvesting & waste water recycling
- as water soaks through green opens spaces they filter out pollutants
11 of 25
Freiburg's waste water system
- financial incentives for inhabitants to use less water
- collecting rainwater for use indoors, green roofs, pervious pavements that allow water to soak through
- unpaved tramways
- drainage wetlands
12 of 25
providing sustainable energy in urban areas
- cities make great demands on energy supply
- up to now burning fossil fuels has provided has provided this energy
13 of 25
Freiburg energy policy
-saving energy, efficient tech, use of renewable energy sources
- city plans to be 100% powered on renewable energy by 2050
- requires halving energy consumption by increasing energy efficiency
- There are about 400 solar panel installations in city
14 of 25
Green spaces in Freiburg
- 44% of wood from city's forest is used for timber but 75% grows back with a year
- 40% of the city is forested
- 56% of forests are nature conservations
- only native trees & shrubs are planted in the 600 ha of parks
- 44000 trees have been planted
15 of 25
why is there a need to reduce traffic congestion
- can lead to air pollution
- negative economic effects of increased journey times, higher fuel consumption & greater risk of accidents
16 of 25
How is Freiburg planning to reduce traffic
- ITS is updated every 10 years
- compared to other German cities has low car density, less than 500 cars per 1000 residents
- 400km of cycle paths with 9000 bike parking spaces
- restrictions on car parking spaces in Vauban 1 costs £20000
17 of 25
result of Freiburg's transport plan
- tram journeys have increased by over 25000 in 1 year
- car journeys reduced by nearly 30000
18 of 25
What has Freiburg done to increase popularity for the tram
- low fares
- any ticket for a concert, sports or other event is valid for use on public transport
- tram network covers 30km & connects with the 168km of bus routes
- 70% of the pop live within 500m of a tram stop & there's a tram every 8 mins
19 of 25
How has Singapore reduced traffic
by improving transport routes
- restricted entry to city centre in rush hour
- development of rail system & efficient bus network
- advanced electronic monitoring & control of traffic signals to keep traffic moving
- government car-sharing schemes
20 of 25
How has Singapore reduced traffic
by financial incentives
- electronic road pricing on major roads
- Quota system to reduce the number of car owners
- high petrol prices
- high vehicle registration fees & strict requirements for a drivers licence
- financial incentives for using cars only at weekends
21 of 25
result of improved transport policies in Singapore
- there is 45% less traffic & 25% fewer accidents in the city centre
- traffic on the roads into the city centre has reduced by 40%
- 2/3 of all daily journeys are now by public transport
- car ownership has declined by nearly 1% since 2000
22 of 25
traffic in Beijing
the capital city of China, estimated 5 mill cars
city is often gridlocked
congestion is predicted to get worse as the number of cars on the roads continues to grow
since 2008 Olympic Games a wide range of strategies have been introduced to reduce traffic
23 of 25
Beijing strategies to reduce traffic
- limited car sales, 20% of people who apply to own a vehicle are allowed to
- cars banned from city 1 day a week based on number plate system, non residents can't bring a car into city
- increased parking fees, congestion charge & pollution tax
- expand
24 of 25
results of Beijing strategies to reduce traffic
led to a 20% drop in car use
- there has been a 12% drop in the use of car parks in the city centre
- building & widening roads has also resulted in increase car use at the expense of cycling
25 of 25

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Freiburg sustainability


In 1970 the German city Freiburg set a goal of urban sustainability

Card 3


social planning in Freiburg


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


social planning


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


economic planning in Freiburg


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Sustainability resources »