Spartan Battles 1200-371BC

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1200 BC
Dorians invade Spartan territory. Origins of Classical Sparta.
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900 BC
Foundation of Classical Sparta.
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C8th BC - TYRTAEUS
Messenian Wars. Lycurgan reforms.
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530s BC - HERODOTUS
Battle of Fettes vs Tegea (Border dispute). Battle of 300 Champions.
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506 BC
Kleomenes plans attack on Athens. Demaratus disagreed, and stopped the mission.
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494 BC
SEPIA- Kleomenes and Argos.
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490 BC
MARATHON- Athens beat Persian w/out Sparta (who arrive 10 days late)
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480 BC
THERMOPYLAE, ARTEMESIUM (Ath/Cor vs Persia by sea), SALAMIS (Themistocles' trick- sea) (Plut).
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479 BC
PLATAEA (land) and MYCALE (sea) on same day. Persia defeated.
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477 (ish) BC
Athens builds walls to port of Piraeus under Themistocles to prevent more Persian attacks, to dismay of Sparta.
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460-445 BC - THUCYDIDES
1st Peloponnesian War- Skirmishes between allies. Cautious Sparta.
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457 BC
TANAGRA- First time Sparta and Athens fight directly. Sparta + Thebes vs Athens. Sparta wins, but Athens takes Thebes. Long walls completed (Pericles)
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446-431 BC
Thirty Year Treaty. Broken: Corcyra asks for Athenian help against Thebes. 431- Thebes (Spartan ally) attacks Plataea (Athenian ally).
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431-404 BC
2nd Peloponnesian War
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431-421 BC
Archidamian War- 1st phase of 2nd Pp war. 3 summers of abortive attacks on Athens (Wall)- 40 day max.
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424 BC
PYLOS (Ephor Brasidas loses shield) and SPHACTERIA (Sparta surrenders).
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422 BC
AMPHIPOLIS- 'Brasidians'. Brasidas dies (highly praised by Thucydides). Sparta loses 7 and kills 300.
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418 BC
MANTINEA- big land battle with AGIS II. Corinth and Tegea stay loyal. Elis attacks with Athens. Sparta wins.
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415-413 BC
SICILIAN EXPEDITION- 2nd phase of 2nd Pp war. Athens (Alcibiades) helps Sicily against Syracuse. Sparta defeats Athenian fleet under GYLIPPUS (Mothax)
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406 BC - XENOPHON
NOTIUM- Alcibiades (switches A, S, A) defeated by Spartan Lysander at sea. Downfall of Alcibiades. Persian funding (Cyrus)
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405 BC
AEGOSPOTAMI- Lysander beat Athens at sea again. Persian funding for Navy (Cyrus). Athens surrenders in 404- starvation.
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371 BC
LEUCTRA- Sparta beaten by THEBES. Decline of power begins.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Foundation of Classical Sparta.

Back

900 BC

Card 3

Front

Messenian Wars. Lycurgan reforms.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Battle of Fettes vs Tegea (Border dispute). Battle of 300 Champions.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Kleomenes plans attack on Athens. Demaratus disagreed, and stopped the mission.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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