Software/ Interfaces

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What is a driver?
A short specially written program that understands the operation of the device that it controls/operates. It is needed to allow the systems or applications software to use the connected device properly.
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What is GUI?
Graphical User Interface – an interface that enables users to communicate with computers using icons and drop-down menus.
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What is an interface?
Where two objects communicate. In ICT, an interface is usually between a computer, peripheral, and human.
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What is a command-line interface?
Interfaces in which commands have to be typed in a specific way to be understood by the computer.
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Advantages and disadvantages of command line
Less space is required on the hard drive, which may improve the computer’s efficiency. Quicker for experts. • Specialist language is required, which a beginner may find difficult to use.
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Advantages of GUI
No specialist language is required, like Command Line, Much more easier to use a mouse for selecting and other processes, Simplified structure – the use of icons for shortcuts.(WIMP)
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Disadvantages of GUI
Requires more space on the CPU of a computer. Increased processing requirements To run the latest GUI, a faster and more powerful processor is required.
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What is a menu driven interface?
An interface where the user is presented with a list of options and they type in the letter or number of their selection
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Advantages and disadvantages of menu driven
Simple interface which requires minimal clicking. Easy to understand and use. Only suitable if there are limited options. Can cause probs if poorly designed/though out
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What is natural language interface?
An interface that allows the user to interact using natural written or spoken language.
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Advantages and disadvantages of natural language interface
No specialist language is required.Affected by accent and dialect (may be misunderstood)
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What is package software?
The programs and documentation for a piece of software, such as Microsoft. The software which are incorporated are compatible with each other (data can be transferred between modules.
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What is integrated software?
Application package consisting of software for distinct applications, such as Microsoft or Sun Microsystems.
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Ads and disads of integrated
Cheaper than purchasing individual packages. Data can be transferred between modules. Consistency. Easier to install. Wasted money for untouched modules. Separate packages within an integrated package may lack in areas.
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Name some features of word processing software
Header-Text placed at the top of a document.Footer-Text placed at the bottom of a document Bullet Point-A block or paragraph of text that has a symbol placed in front to make the text stand out. Template-Files which hold standardised document layouts
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Name some features of database software
Relational databases-A database system where data is held in tables with relationships established between them. The software is used to set up and hold data as well as extract and manipulate the stored data. One-to-one, one-to-many, many-to-many
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What is a web browser?
The software program that enables access to the Internet. For example Microsoft Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, etc.
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Name some features of web browsers
Bookmark/Favourite-A way in which the URL of a website is stored, so the site can be reloaded by using the link. URL-Uniform resource locator. Web address used to locate a web page
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is GUI?

Back

Graphical User Interface – an interface that enables users to communicate with computers using icons and drop-down menus.

Card 3

Front

What is an interface?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a command-line interface?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Advantages and disadvantages of command line

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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