Sociology SY3 theoretical perspectives on crime

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Crime is functional/useful for society - maintains boundaries - inspires change.
Functionalism
1 of 9
Crime is not useful. Advantages that upper classes + disadvantages the lower classes
Marxism
2 of 9
All people start with the same norms + values. w/c youth create "subcultural" norms and values in response to strain
Functionalist subcultural
3 of 9
Most people controlled by economic pressure, etc. Youth not controlled - form subcultures as resistance against capitalism
Marxist subcultural
4 of 9
Crime is due to women being oppressed in society. Men commit crime against them to show power + authority.
Feminism
5 of 9
Crime is a consequence of labelling - self-fulfilling prophecy
Interactionism
6 of 9
Crime is a real phenomenon - due to relative deprivation, marginalisation - form deviant subcultures
Left realism
7 of 9
Crime is a real phenomenon - individual factors - biosocial/inadequate family socialisation/rational choice
Right realism
8 of 9
Crime is a result of individual choice. "Structural" theories are inaccurate
Postmodernism
9 of 9

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Crime is not useful. Advantages that upper classes + disadvantages the lower classes

Back

Marxism

Card 3

Front

All people start with the same norms + values. w/c youth create "subcultural" norms and values in response to strain

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Most people controlled by economic pressure, etc. Youth not controlled - form subcultures as resistance against capitalism

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Crime is due to women being oppressed in society. Men commit crime against them to show power + authority.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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