Sociologists Family and Households

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Parsons (Couples)
Instrumental and Expressive Roles
1 of 26
Elizabeth Bott (Couples)
Segregated and Joint conjugal Roles
2 of 26
Young and Willmott (Couples)
The Symmetrical family (march of progress view)
3 of 26
Ann Oakley (Couples)
Argues that Young and Willmott's claims about the symmetrical family are exaggerated
4 of 26
Ann Oakley (Couples - Housewife role)
Describes how the housewife role has become the dominant role for married women
5 of 26
Gershuny (Couples)
Found that there is a trend towards equality, such as women who work, do less work within the home
6 of 26
Dunne (Couples)
Argues that gender scripts do not operate to such a great extent within lesbian couples
7 of 26
Dobash and Dobash (Couples)
Argue that domestic violence is inevitable and is a feature of the patriarchal society that we live in
8 of 26
Wilkinson (Couples)
Sees domestic violence as the result of stress on family members caused by social inequality
9 of 26
Gittins (Childhood)
Uses the term 'age patriarchy' to describe inequalities between adults and children
10 of 26
Postman (Childhood)
Argues that childhood is 'disappearing at a dazzling speed'. He argues that television blurs the lines between childhood and adulthood
11 of 26
Opie (Childhood)
Argues that childhood is not disappearing, and that there is strong evidence of the continued existence of a separate children's culture
12 of 26
Palmer (Childhood)
States that children may face a toxic childhood due to rapid technological changes
13 of 26
Murdock (Functions of the family)
Argues that the family performs essential functions to meet the needs of society and its members (Sex, reproduction, socialisation and economic)
14 of 26
Parsons (Functions of the family - family types)
Distinguishes the two types of family structure: Nuclear family and Extended family
15 of 26
Parsons (Functions of the family - needs)
A geographically mobile workforce and a socially mobile workforce
16 of 26
Parsons (Functions of the family - functions)
The primary socialisation of children and the stabilisation of adult personalities
17 of 26
Engels (Functions of the family)
Monogamy became essential because of the inheritance of private property
18 of 26
Chester (Family Diversity)
Recognises that there has been some increased family diversity, however he does not regard it as significant. He argues that there is a neo-conventional family which includes a dual-earner couple, similarly to the symmetrical family
19 of 26
The Rapoports (Family Diversity)
Claim that there are 5 different types of family diversity: Organisational, cultural, social class, life-stage and generational diversity
20 of 26
Giddens (Family Diversity)
The family and marriage have been transformed by greater choice and a more equal relationship between men and women (due to contraception and greater women independence)
21 of 26
Beck (Family Diversity - Risk Society)
Argues that we live in a 'risk society' where tradition has a smaller amount of influence and people have more choice
22 of 26
Beck (Family Diversity - Negotiated Family)
Argues that greater gender equality and greater individualism have lead to the negotiated family that does not conform to the traditional family norm
23 of 26
Stacey (Family Diversity)
Argues that greater choice has benefitted women as they can shape their family to meet their needs. Stacey argues that the family can be connected through divorce rather than marriage
24 of 26
Weeks (Family Diversity)
Identifies a long-term shift in attitudes such as: sexual and family diversity
25 of 26
Donzelot (Families and Social Policy)
Sees policy as a form of state power over families
26 of 26

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Segregated and Joint conjugal Roles

Back

Elizabeth Bott (Couples)

Card 3

Front

The Symmetrical family (march of progress view)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Argues that Young and Willmott's claims about the symmetrical family are exaggerated

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describes how the housewife role has become the dominant role for married women

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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