Sociology - Research Methods

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  • Created by: T Colby
  • Created on: 04-03-16 13:03
What are the two types of data?
Primary and secondary.
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What is a secondary source?
Information which relates to a chosen topic which has been already been completed.
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What could a secondary source be?
Relevant official statistics, previous sociological account, newspaper reports and diaries.
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What could secondary sources be?
Infinate.
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Give an example of official statisitcs.
Marriage and divorce rates.
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Give an example of a newspaper report.
Articles on teenage pregnancy.
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Give an example of a personal document.
Diaries.
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Sociologists that use primary data will always also use what?
Secondary data to complement their own findings.
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What is a primary resource?
An original piece of information which is the product of reseach conducted by sociologists.
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What are the two methodological techniques which are used to develop primary data?
Positivist methodological approaches (quantitative methods) and subjectivist methodological approaches (qualitative methods).
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What are the three considerations considered by sociologists when selecting their research method?
Practical, ethical and theoretical considerations.
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State all of the practical considerations.
Resources, physical characteristics, confusion, representativeness, no alternative, role?, sensitive issues and refusal.
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State all of the ethical considerations.
Informed consent, anonymity, greater good, disclosure, distortion, law breaking and perpetuation of inequality.
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State all of the theoretical considerations.
Reliability, generalisation, makes causal links, validity, subjectivity and verstehen.
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What is quantitative data?
Information addressing the extent of a social characteristic and its association with other variables.
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Give a benefit for the use of quantitative data.
Make more precise generalizations.
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What can be made from these precise generalizations due to the use of quntitative data?
Discover the causes of future strengths and make predictions about future trends.
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What are the five key concepts that are associated with positivism?
Positivism, reliability, objectivity/value freedom, operationalizing concepts and quantitative techniques.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a secondary source?

Back

Information which relates to a chosen topic which has been already been completed.

Card 3

Front

What could a secondary source be?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What could secondary sources be?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give an example of official statisitcs.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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