Sociology Crime and Deviance

Actions which break social norms
1 of 64
Formal rules made by the governmnent
2 of 64
Actions which are against the law
3 of 64
Social construction of crime and deviance
Is the way that what is seen as criminal or deviant varies from time to time and place to place
4 of 64
Social order
How society is kept under control
5 of 64
Groups of people living in a neighbourhood or a group of people with shared interests
6 of 64
Informal social control
The first way of making people behave before official agencies take ober eg: family, peers, school
7 of 64
Close-knit communities
Communities that have strong links
8 of 64
Big Brother
An idea from the book 1984 by George Orwell that there will be a time when everyone is watched very closely by technology
9 of 64
Closed circuit televison cameras which film the public to help prevent crime and catch criminals
10 of 64
Means watching people to check what they are doing
11 of 64
Public relations
Is about how the police get on with the community
12 of 64
Community policing
Is about the police working with local people
13 of 64
Zero Tolerance
Is when the police are really strict about the smallest crimes to stop bigger ones happening
14 of 64
All the legal organisations that enforce the law
15 of 64
Magistrates' court
Where less serious cases are dealt with
16 of 64
Crown court
Where the most serious cases are tried by a jury
17 of 64
Are the ways that people have of communicating with large groups of people
18 of 64
Moral panics
Are when the media exaggerates an issue and makes the public worry about it
19 of 64
Youth culture
Are groups of young people with their own set of norms and values
20 of 64
Folk devils
Are groups that the media make people afraid of
21 of 64
Deviancy amplification
Is when the media makes a problem worse by the way they report it
22 of 64
White collar crime
Crimes that are committed by the middle classes, usually linked to their jobs
23 of 64
Is when money is gained by telling lies or giving false information
24 of 64
Is when people are given money in return for breaking the rules when they are in a postion of trust
25 of 64
Insider trading
An illegal practice when people working for a company use their insider knowledge to make money on stocks and shares
26 of 64
Workers taking money without people affected realising
27 of 64
Blue collar crime
Crimes that are committed by the working classes
28 of 64
Occupational crime
Is a crime that is connected to your job
29 of 64
Corporate crimes
Crimes that are committed by big businesses
30 of 64
People who work for a company
31 of 64
Is when a company doesn't keep the public or its workers safe through a lack of care
32 of 64
When a person is killed unlawfully because of a lack of care
33 of 64
Youth crime
Means crime committed by 10-17 year olds
34 of 64
Means anti-social behaviour by young people
35 of 64
Street crime
Refers to crime committed in public places
36 of 64
Anti-social behaviour
Means behaviour that breaks social norms and is a nuisance to other people
37 of 64
A stereotype of working- class youths who behave in a loud anti-social way
38 of 64
Feral youth
Young people that are not socialised
39 of 64
Youth offenders
Young people who break the law
40 of 64
Non-sociological theories of crime
Ideas about why people become criminals based on psychology and science
41 of 64
Bipolar disorder
A mental disorder that can make people very active or depressed
42 of 64
The basic unit of DNA that decides what your physical characteristics are
43 of 64
Ideas about how the mind works
44 of 64
The view that people are influenced by the words other people use to describe us
45 of 64
Self-fulfilling prophecy
The idea that the labels people are given will turn out to be true
46 of 64
Deviant career
The path that a person labelled a criminal follows
47 of 64
The way of life of a small group within a society
48 of 64
Strain theory
The idea that the pressure to succeed encourages people to turn to crime
49 of 64
Territorial identities
When the area you live in is really important to who you are
50 of 64
Organised groups of people who join together for profit or to defend territory
51 of 64
Postcode violence
Where gangs from different postal areas fight each other
52 of 64
Cultural deprivation
Is when individuals lack the basic necessites for a reasonable lifestyle
53 of 64
Conviction rates
Are about how many people from certain social groups are charged and found guilty of crimes
54 of 64
Self report studies
Are when people are asked to say whether they have committed crimes in a questionnaire
55 of 64
Is about who the victims of crime are
56 of 64
Norms of masculinity
Traditional ideas about how men should act including being tough and strong
57 of 64
Ladette culture
A set of norms which encourages some girls to behave like men
58 of 64
Chivalry factor
Is the way that women are treated more favourably by police and courts
59 of 64
Demonisation of women
Is the way that women who commit certain crimes, which go against the caring nature of females, are presented as evil by the media
60 of 64
Ethnic minorities
Cultural groups that are small in number compared with the whole population
61 of 64
People moving to Britain from other countries
62 of 64
The punishment given by the court
63 of 64
The punishment given by the court
64 of 64

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Formal rules made by the governmnent



Card 3


Actions which are against the law


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Is the way that what is seen as criminal or deviant varies from time to time and place to place


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


How society is kept under control


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Crime and deviance resources »