Social Identity Theory

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By who and when was SIT written?
by Tajfel and Turner in 1979
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What did it explain?
social behaviours which explains our tendency to feel we are part of a group and our tendency to judge others on whether they are part of that group or not.
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How does prejudice arise?
social categorisation, social identification, social comparison
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Describe social categorisation.
we separate people into different groups, e.g. social class
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Describe social identification.
we demonstrate our belonging to that group, e.g. by what we wear
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Describe social comparison.
we rate our group against others. We judge our own group as better so that we maintain the self-esteem linked to that group.
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What is the consequence of social comparison?
the devaluing of other groups which often results in negative behaviour, e.g. fights.
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What happens when rival groups compete over jobs?
they are also competing over social identity
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Evaluate the strengths of SIT.
-supported by Poppe & Linsen Germany and UK study. -supported by Ellis and Fox phone call study. -can be used to suggest ways to reduce prejudice.
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Evaluate the weaknesses of SIT.
-can't explain prejudice caused by jobs, homes, etc. -Dobbs & Crano shows SIT can't explain why we give people in our own groups more points than people in other groups.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did it explain?

Back

social behaviours which explains our tendency to feel we are part of a group and our tendency to judge others on whether they are part of that group or not.

Card 3

Front

How does prejudice arise?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe social categorisation.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe social identification.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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