Social Cognition (Moral development)

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Give 2 criticisms of Kohlberg's method
1 Androcentric (only tested boys + concluded that boys were more moral than girls) 2 Use of hypothetical situations
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What did Snarey believe?
Universal support for the first two levels of Kohlberg's stage theory may mean that they are innate
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What did Denton find?
test-retest using Kohlberg's method was low suggesting low reliability
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How did Eisenberg's theory differ from Kohlberg's?
Eisenberg had a similar stage theory but believes we don't always act at our highest level. Situational variables affect behaviour. Upbringing also affects how far we ascend the levels.
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Why is Kohlberg's theory culturally relative?
Collectivist cultures scored lower for giving community based answers this does not mean they are less moral.
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What did Kohlberg and Nisan find?
There were differences within and between cultures. Those in industrialised areas scored higher.
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Why did Gilligan criticise Kohlberg's research?
She believed he only judged one aspect of moral behaviour (justice+fair play) + if he considered compassion girls would have scored higher
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How did Kohlberg test moral understanding?
Dilemmas about a character named Heinz. Participants explained how Heinz should act in the dilemmas and their responses indicated which level of moral understanding they were operating at
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Card 2

Front

What did Snarey believe?

Back

Universal support for the first two levels of Kohlberg's stage theory may mean that they are innate

Card 3

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What did Denton find?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did Eisenberg's theory differ from Kohlberg's?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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Why is Kohlberg's theory culturally relative?

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