Social Psychology Explanations

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  • Created by: llas7078
  • Created on: 19-10-15 04:24
What is the role of arousal in romantic love?
physiological arousal (hearts pounding, trembling) in the presence of our love.
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What is the role of physical attractiveness in relationships?
- Walster et al (1966) study of 752 uni students The factor measured with the strongest relationship to their desire to date their partner in the future, for both men and women, was physical attractiveness
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How do imitation and behavioural traces contribute to conformity?
- Imitation is a key feature of human learning, so we are predisposed towards it - Others do provide information on what is right (informational social influence) - Non-conformity threatens the individuals desire for social approval and belonging
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Social processes that explain disposable drink container use?
Imitation Norms Behavioural traces Conformity (Informational and normative social influence) Group polarisation
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Prosocial Behaviours
acting to benefit others
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Altruism
an alternative term for such behaviours, and sometimes used only to refer to behaviours that carry a cost to the individual
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(a) Whether people help or not: (1) Bystander effect
(1) Latane and Darley - proposed situational model: that helping occurs or doesn’t occur primarily because of the characteristics of the situation, not the personal characteristics of the individuals involved
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(2) diffusion of responsibility and (3) ambiguity
(2) The more people present, the less likely it is an individual will help. People knew others were witnessing the event (why should I do anything - someone else will) (3) In many situations the information is ambiguous
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(B)(4) Informational influence (5) normative social influence/evaluation apprehension
(4)Others lack of concern provides model for our own behaviour (5) Fear of making a social blunder by "overreacting"
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(C)(6) Fear of physical Danger
Fear of getting hurt may inhibit helping. Mentioned by some bystanders in Kitty Genovese case (increases the costs of helping) Bystanders who help in assault cases are generally taller and stronger than non-helpers
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(E)(7) individuals social role
medically trained people, leaders - Also people could feel personally responsible
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Is Physical Attractiveness Subjective?
- Yes and no, but mostly no - Langlois and Roggman (1990) - computer generated "average" (symmetrical) faces more attractive than real faces Cross-cultural studies show evidence of considerable agreement on human facial attractiveness
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What is the role of physical attractiveness in relationships?

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- Walster et al (1966) study of 752 uni students The factor measured with the strongest relationship to their desire to date their partner in the future, for both men and women, was physical attractiveness

Card 3

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How do imitation and behavioural traces contribute to conformity?

Back

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Card 4

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Social processes that explain disposable drink container use?

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Card 5

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Prosocial Behaviours

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