social influence ; obedience ; social-psych factors

1 of 62
what trial initially sparked milgram's interest in obedience?
adolf eichmann trial 61 war crimes charged w/ nazi death camps
2 of 62
what was his defence?
just following orders
3 of 62
what did this lead milgram to propse about obedience to destructive authority figures?
occurs bc person doesn't take responsibility
4 of 62
instead believe what?
acting for someone else e.g an 'agent'
5 of 62
therefore what is agentic state?
feeling that you're doing another's bidding, ur just the vessel for their implementations
6 of 62
what is the term for the high anxiety these agents feel?
moral strain
7 of 62
know what they're doing is wrong but feel powerless to disobey
8 of 62
- autonomous state
9 of 62
what is the autonomous state the opposite of?
agentic state
10 of 62
what does autonomy mean?
independent / free
11 of 62
so person in autonomous state?
free to act / behave according to own principles
12 of 62
therefore feel what for actions?
sense responsibility
13 of 62
what is the shift from autonomy to agency called?
agentic shift
14 of 62
when did milgram suggest this occurs?
when person perceives someone else as figure of authority
15 of 62
other person has greater power because of their position in?
social hierarcy
16 of 62
in most social groups when one person is in charge what happens?
others defer to this person and undergo agentic shift
17 of 62
- binding factors
18 of 62
what question did milgram then raise?
why does individual remain in agentic state
19 of 62
what did milgram observe about many pps words + actions?
spoke as if wanted to quit but seemed unable to
20 of 62
what was the term milgram gave to the answer to this?
binding factors
21 of 62
what are binding factors?
aspects of the situation that allow person to ignore / minimise damaging effect of behavior
22 of 62
therefore reducing what?
'moral strain'
23 of 62
as a strategy who did milgram suggest they could shift responsibility to?
24 of 62
or do what with damage they were doing?
deny it
25 of 62
26 of 62
:) research support
27 of 62
who did blass and schmitt show film of study to?
28 of 62
and asked them to do what?
identify who they felt was responsible for harm to learner
29 of 62
who did students blame?
30 of 62
the students also indicated responsibility was due to which two types of authority?
legitimate authority / expert authority
31 of 62
how does this support the agentic explanation?
recognised legit authority as cause obedience
32 of 62
:( limited explanation
33 of 62
which participants can this theory not account for?
those that didnt obey
34 of 62
this also cannot account for hoflings study of who?
35 of 62
because what did nurses not express as handed over responsibility to doctors?
moral strain
36 of 62
what does this suggest about agentic shift at best?
can only account for some situations of obedience (not valid across all situations)
37 of 62
38 of 62
most societies structured hierarchically meaning what?
people in certain positions hold authority over rest of us
39 of 62
in what sense is authority theu weild legitimate?
agreed upon by society
40 of 62
why do most of us accept that auth figures have to be allowed to exercise social power?
allows society to function smoothly
41 of 62
however. what is a consequence of this legitimacy of authority?
some people granted power to punish others
42 of 62
most of us accept that police and courts have power to?
punish wrongdoers
43 of 62
so what are we willing to hand over to people we trust to exercise authority?
independence and behaviour
44 of 62
we learn this acceptance of legitimate authority when and from who?
in childhood from parents and other adults
45 of 62
- destructive authority
46 of 62
when do problems with legitimate authority arise?
when that is destructive
47 of 62
some historical examples be like?
hitler / mussolini / stalin
48 of 62
how was destructive authority shown in milgram's study?
when experimenter uses prods to make pp behave in ways against conscience
49 of 62
50 of 62
:) cultural differences
51 of 62
legitimacy of auth is a useful account of what in obedience?
cultural differences
52 of 62
many studies show countries differ in degrees of what?
extent of traditional obedience to authority
53 of 62
where did kilham and mann replicate the procedure?
54 of 62
and foun only what % pps went all way?
55 of 62
on other had what % of germans did mantell find did?
56 of 62
what does this show about acceptance of authority in different cutlures?
some authority seem more likely to be accepted legit and entitled demand obedience
57 of 62
what does this reflect about different societies?
structures / upbringings
58 of 62
supportive cross-cultural research increases what about this explanation?
59 of 62
:) real life obedience crimes
60 of 62
can help explain real life war crimes such as what in vietnam?
my lai massacre
61 of 62
which can be understood in terms of what?
us army power hierarchy
62 of 62

Other cards in this set

Card 2


what trial initially sparked milgram's interest in obedience?


adolf eichmann trial 61 war crimes charged w/ nazi death camps

Card 3


what was his defence?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


what did this lead milgram to propse about obedience to destructive authority figures?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


instead believe what?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all social influence resources »