Scramble for Africa

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Why did David Livingstone go to Africa?
Livingstone originally went to Africa to explore it and to spread Christianity. Some travels took him to a magnificent waterfall, which he named Victoria Falls in honour of Queen Victoria.
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Why was Business and Trade a motivation to claim Africa?
Territories in Africa could provide good raw materials for the European powers and act as markets for the sale of their goods.
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Who made the diamond company 'De Beers' and Rhodesia?
Cecil Rhodes. He was one of the most powerful European imperialists. He was there in time to exploit the Diamond and Gold rushes that began in 1871 & 1886.
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What was 'The White Man's Burden'?
It was a motive for Christian missionaries, like Livingstone, to spread the message of the Bible to the people of the non-Christian world. Others felt that in providing Africans with western values they became a force for civilization.
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How did prestige act as a motivation to claim Africa?
European governments wanted to colonise so that they could spread their dominance to other continents.
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How could colonising in Africa be strategic?
You can colonise strategically. For example the British wanted to secure a route to their most important colony, India. Once the Suez Canal was opened, they took control of the Nile, and hence Egypt. This meant they could use the Suez Canal.
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Why was it so easy to conquer in Africa?
The Europeans had technology, which could easily overpower the natives armed with spears.
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What are some consequences of the Scramble for Africa?
The impact varied from place to place, some countries treated their colonies very cruelly. But more generally, the divisions were made with arbitrary lines with no stategic regard (eg. tribes at war put together and tribes split up by borders)
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Who famously met Livingstone in 1871?
Henry Morton Stanley, who was looking for a scoop for the New York Herald newspaper.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Territories in Africa could provide good raw materials for the European powers and act as markets for the sale of their goods.

Back

Why was Business and Trade a motivation to claim Africa?

Card 3

Front

Cecil Rhodes. He was one of the most powerful European imperialists. He was there in time to exploit the Diamond and Gold rushes that began in 1871 & 1886.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

It was a motive for Christian missionaries, like Livingstone, to spread the message of the Bible to the people of the non-Christian world. Others felt that in providing Africans with western values they became a force for civilization.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

European governments wanted to colonise so that they could spread their dominance to other continents.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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