Schizophrenia Studies

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 24-03-15 17:55
What happened to the social behaviour of diagnosed Schizophrenics in Hippel and Shapiro's study and why?
It deteriorated - couldn't handle the label of 'Schizophrenic'
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What were the percentages of diagnoses given by UK and USA psychiatrists in Copeland et al's study?
UK - 2% USA - 69%
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How much higher was the incidence rate for Schizophrenia and in what culture?
8 times higher in African-Caribbean cultures
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What did Rosenhan's study aim to look at?
How psychiatrists can't distinguish between mentally ill and healthy people
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What did Gottesman conclude from his study into biological explanations of Schizophrenia?
The more closely related you are genetically to someone who has Shizophrenia, the higher the chance you also have of getting the disorder
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What did Kendlar et al find?
Relatives of Schizophrenics are 18 times more likely to also get the disorder
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What did Marcus find?
Children at a higher risk of getting Schizophrenia got it 13 years later - only 4 in the low risk group did
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What were rats given in Randrup and Munkvad's study and what were the effects?
Amphetamines - behaviour of a Schizophrenic
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What are hallucinations related to according to Persinger?
Temporal lobe lability
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What did Lyon et al find?
As the dosage of medication increased, the density of brain tissue decreased, leading to enlarged ventricles
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When did the monkeys in Castner's study develop symptoms of Schizophrenia?
At puberty
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According to Freud, what is Schizophrenia a result of?
2 related processes - regression to a pre-ego state and attempts to re-establish ego control
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What does Laing describe Schizophrenia as?
A natural process of psychic healing - a sane reaction to an insane world
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What did Bateson et al suggest?
Children who frequently receive contradictory messages from their parents
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What did Vaugn and Leff find?
A 51% relapse in high EE homes and 13% in low EE homes
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What did Mischler and Waxler's study suggest?
Dysfunctional communication might be result of living with a Schizophrenic, rather than the cause of the disorder
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What is a possible explanation for there being less EE in non-Western cultures?
Less individualist/less committed to the concept of personal responsibility
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What do Ross and Read argue?
Being prescribed medication reinforces the view that 'there is something wrong with you'
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What does Moncrieff suggest?
Antipsychotic withdrawal might provoke psychosis because drugs 'sensitise' the brain and disturb brain chemistry
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What did Tharayan and Adams find?
ECT combined with treatment of antipsychotic drugs might be an option for Schizophrenics
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What was the percentage for relapse rates for those receiving family therapy and over what period of time?
25-33% over a 12 month period
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What effect did the therapy in Hogarty's study have?
Reduced social conflicts between parents and children, which reduced EE and thus, relapse rates
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What treatment did Falloon et al use and what were the results?
Behavioural family therapy - there were significantly fewer relapses
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How long did Vaugn et al's programme last for and what were the results?
10 week programme - no difference in relapse
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What were the percentages of diagnoses given by UK and USA psychiatrists in Copeland et al's study?

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UK - 2% USA - 69%

Card 3

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How much higher was the incidence rate for Schizophrenia and in what culture?

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Card 4

Front

What did Rosenhan's study aim to look at?

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Card 5

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What did Gottesman conclude from his study into biological explanations of Schizophrenia?

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