Roman period (0-400AD)

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Hippocrates: overview
Clinical Observation, Four Humours, Hippocratic Oath
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Hippocrates: four humours
Yellow bile, black bile, phlegm, blood. In-balances.
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Hippocrates: clinical observation
Careful noting of all symptoms of a disease. Change in patient's condition. Study symptoms, difference from normal.
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Hippocrates: clinical observation cont.
Predict what is likely to happen, based on past patients. Continue to observe and note changes.
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Hippocrates: clinical observation cont.
Treat the patient when confident.
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Hippocrates: hippocratic oath
Doctors must ensure a patient's confidentiality. Doctors must not use what they know to harm others.
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Asclepion (curing by gods)
Wash in the sea. Give an offering to the gods. Sleep in the Abaton (air). God comes to heal you. God's daughter puts a blanket over you. Snakes come to heal you. Wake up healed. God=Asclepios, daughter=Hygeia
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Galen
Theory of opposites. Pig experiment. Human anatomy.
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Galen: Theory of opposites
Related to theory of the four humours. Pepper cures in-balance of phlegm - phlegm cold and wet, pepper hot and dry.
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Galen: pig experiment
Proved people wrong. Discovers brain controls body. Show off, not kind to animals. Heart + voice box = still squealing. Brain + voice box = stop squealing. Brain controls body.
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Galen: human anatomy
Described blood vessels under the surface of the brain, only worked in some animals and not humans. Published work with key errors, misleading.
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Public health
Public baths, aqueducts, cisterns/public fountains, latrines, sewers. -Couldn't stop plagues as soldiers carried them wherever they went. -Use of shared sponges in latrines.
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Public health cont.
Empire got money from taxes, PH kept army healthy, army funded by taxes, and army helped make the Empire. PH helped army to stay strong, control the borders of the empire.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Yellow bile, black bile, phlegm, blood. In-balances.

Back

Hippocrates: four humours

Card 3

Front

Careful noting of all symptoms of a disease. Change in patient's condition. Study symptoms, difference from normal.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Predict what is likely to happen, based on past patients. Continue to observe and note changes.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Treat the patient when confident.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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