Roman Period 600.b.c - 400.a.d

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  • Roman Period 600 B.C. - 400A.D
    • Hippocrates
      • Greek physician
      • Developed the FOUR HUMOURS
        • Idea of the Four Humours being imbalanced would cause you to get ill
        • Black Bile, Yellow Bile, Phlegm and Blood
      • Believed mainly in rest, exercise and diet
      • Dismissed idea that the Gods cause disease
      • Wrote Hippocratic Oath which is still used today
      • Ideas weren't accepted by the Church so he wasn't very successful in his ideas being spread
    • Galen
      • Roman doctor
      • Beliefs were ACCEPTED by the Church so ideas were accepted by nearly everyone
      • Wrote over 400 books and was very successful
      • Ideas dominated medicine for over 1000 years!
      • Created the Theory of Opposites
        • Idea that to balance the humours, you did the opposite to the effects it was making on the body
      • Many of his ideas were wrong but because he was accepted by the Church, people feared to speak against them as it was seen as an act against God
    • Treatments
      • most based on HERBAL REMEDIES
        • passed down from FATHER TO SON
      • used prayer/ religion to help cope with illness
      • plant and herbal remedies mainly used
      • Doctors prescribed treatments on basis of exercise, diet and rest
      • Mainly based balancing the four humours by whichever means necessary
      • Blood letting/ purging
      • Theory of Opposites
    • Doctors
      • Lacked official training
      • Mainly used for the army and soldiers
      • Weren't respected as many were foreign
      • Some trained in Alexandria (Egypt) where dissection was allowed
    • Treating the sick
      • treated by father from use of herbal remedies passed down from his father
      • waters in Roman baths believed to have healing powers
      • prayers and offerings made to Gods to help heal them
    • Public health
      • because the Roman Empire was so rich and vast, it had the money to spend on public health facilities
      • Aqueducts
        • Transported water from countryside to provide fresh, clean water the streets and to the homes of the rich
      • Latrines
      • Sewers
        • Took away human waste but became blocked if there was a lack of rainfall
      • Public bath houses
      • Pipe network
      • Romans realised that cleanliness was key to good health and so built towns away from swamps and marshes


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