1. ECP: disorder occurs if there's little sense of community, as...
- No-one will confront the vandals.
- formal & informal social control is will usually be weak.
- There isn't anyone to report crimes to.
- No-one minds the crime.
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2. Clarke: crime is a choice based on a rational calculation of perceived benefits and perceived costs. This is known as what?
- Benefits and costs calculation
- Rational calculation formula
- Rational choice theory
- General criminal choice
3. Situational crime prevention focuses on reducing opportunities for crime, by...
- Encouraging potential victims to 'design out' crime by investing in surveillance and security.
- Organising neighbourhood watch meetings, in order to create a community bond.
- Creating secure prisons that criminals can attend.
- Building expensive middle class housing, forcing the working class to move away, thus reducing crime.
4. Wilson also argues that many poor people...
- commit crime due to poverty.
- don't experience poverty, yet still commit crime.
- don't commit crime, so poverty is not to blame.
- are criminals, so poverty needs to be eradicated.
5. Wilson & Hernstein: people born with...
- The options to commit crime, but they don't commit crime as they don't want to offend their family.
- A status that could mean that they may commit deviance.
- predisposition against crime and if parents don't teach children norms and values, they may commit crime.
- A natural reason to commit crime.