# Research Methods - Data Analysis : Kinds of Data

• Created by: emortimer
• Created on: 19-05-16 13:47
Qualitative data
Data that is expressed in words and non-numerical (although qualitative data may be converted to numbers for the purposes of analysis)
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Quantitative data
Data that can be counted, usually given numerically
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Primary data
Information that has been obtained first-hand by the researcher for the purposes of a research project. In psychology, such data is often gathered directly from participants as part of an experiment, self-report or observation
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Secondary data
Information that has already been collected by someone else and so pre-dates the current research project. In psychology, such data might include the work of other psychologists or government statistics
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Meta-analysis
'Research about research', refers to the process of combining results from a number of studies on a particular topic to provide an overall view.
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Descriptive statistics
The use of graphs, tables and summary statistics to identify trends and analyse sets of data
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Measures of central tendency
The general term for any measure of the average value in a set of data
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Mean
The arithmetic average calculated by adding up all the values in a set of data and dividing by the number of values there are
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Median
The central value in a set of data when values are arranged from lowest to highest
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Mode
The most frequently occurring value in a set of data
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## Other cards in this set

### Card 2

#### Front

Data that can be counted, usually given numerically

#### Back

Quantitative data

### Card 3

#### Front

Information that has been obtained first-hand by the researcher for the purposes of a research project. In psychology, such data is often gathered directly from participants as part of an experiment, self-report or observation

### Card 4

#### Front

Information that has already been collected by someone else and so pre-dates the current research project. In psychology, such data might include the work of other psychologists or government statistics

### Card 5

#### Front

'Research about research', refers to the process of combining results from a number of studies on a particular topic to provide an overall view.