Research Methods

Aim
The researcher’s area of interest – what they are looking at (e.g. to investigate helping behaviour).
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Bar chart
A graph that shows the data in the form of categories (e.g. behaviours observed) that the researcher wishes to compare.
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Behavioural categories
Key behaviours or, collections of behaviour, that the researcher conducting the observation will pay attention to and record
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Case study
In-depth investigation of a single person, group or event, where data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods (e.g. observations & interviews).
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Closed questions
Questions where there are fixed choices of responses e.g. yes/no. They generate quantitative data
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Co-variables
The variables investigated in a correlation
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Concurrent validity
Comparing a new test with another test of the same thing to see if they produce similar results. If they do then the new test has concurrent validity
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Confidentiality
participants have the right to expect that all data collected during a research study will remain confidential and anonymous.
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Confounding variable
actors other than the independent variable that may cause a result
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Content analysis
Technique used to analyse qualitative data which involves coding the written data into categories – converting qualitative data into quantitative data
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Control group
A group that is treated normally and gives us a measure of how people behave when they are not exposed to the experimental treatment
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Controlled observation
An observation study where the researchers control some variables - often takes place in laboratory setting
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Counterbalancing
A technique in experimental design that is used to avoid the introduction of confounding variables
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Covert observation
undisclosed observation as the participants do not know their behaviour is being observed
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Critical value
The value that a test statistic must reach in order for the hypothesis to be accepted
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A graph that shows the data in the form of categories (e.g. behaviours observed) that the researcher wishes to compare.

Back

Bar chart

Card 3

Front

Key behaviours or, collections of behaviour, that the researcher conducting the observation will pay attention to and record

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

In-depth investigation of a single person, group or event, where data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods (e.g. observations & interviews).

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Questions where there are fixed choices of responses e.g. yes/no. They generate quantitative data

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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