Religion and Science

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  • Created by: bexo95
  • Created on: 28-04-14 18:54
Popper
Argues science is a open belief system, as it is open to questioning, testing and falsification. Says religion is a closed belief system as people rely on faith rather than facts.
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Merton
Science has been given support from other institutions allowing it to grow and survive, religion is closed and fixed, so cannot grow.
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Lyotard
Sees science as no different to religion. Its simply a meta-narrative, claiming the truth. However all these are false as one theory cannot explain the world we live in.
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Kuhn
Religion is a closed belief system, it works within paradigms that have set rules, methods and ways of thinking. To bring evolution of ideas, we must think out of the paradigms, challenging traditional thoughts
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Marxists & Feminists
See scientific knowledge as serving the interests of the dominant groups in society. For example, scientific advances are driven profit and needs of capitalism.
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Gramsci
Religion acts as dual consciousness, false class consciousness, and legitimates inequality. Uses the term hegemony to describe how the UC has power through ideas moral thinking. Believes that the WC will overthrow capitalism, become class conscious.
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Mannheim
All beliefs systems have 1 of 2 views about class, 1)Ideological thought-conservative, serves ruling class, 2)Utopian thought- reflects the underprivileged, has vision of change. Both gives partial truth, as only has views of part of society.
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Marks
Ideas from science have been used to exclude women from edu. It defines women as inferior, as does religion.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Science has been given support from other institutions allowing it to grow and survive, religion is closed and fixed, so cannot grow.

Back

Merton

Card 3

Front

Sees science as no different to religion. Its simply a meta-narrative, claiming the truth. However all these are false as one theory cannot explain the world we live in.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Religion is a closed belief system, it works within paradigms that have set rules, methods and ways of thinking. To bring evolution of ideas, we must think out of the paradigms, challenging traditional thoughts

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

See scientific knowledge as serving the interests of the dominant groups in society. For example, scientific advances are driven profit and needs of capitalism.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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