Recycling and disposal of digital devices

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Q1 Waste Electrical and Electronic Eqiupment Directive 2013 (WEEE)
EU regulations to encourage organisations to recycle materials.
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Q2 Data Protection Act (DPA) 1998
Organisations need to ensure that customer personal data is removed from digital storage media, such as hard disks, before equipment is dumped or recycled.
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Q3 Enviromental Act 1995
Introduced to recommend responsible methods to dispose of hazardous materials including electrical and electronic equipment.
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Q4 Descibe the process that Progress Leisure needs to adopt when disposing of old equipment.
1. Back up data from the current system that is needed for installation onto the new system. 2. Permanently delete data from the current system for installation onto the new system. 3. Dispose of or recycle digital devices and equipment that are no
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Q5 Permanent data deltion by physical destruction and its disadvantages.
Crushing a hard disk makes it unusable and data cannot be accesed from it. Disadvantage- destroyed hardware is worthless and there is an enviromental impact as it goes to landfill.
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Q6 Permanent data deletion by data destruction software and its advantages.
Overwrites the hard disk with random data, ensuring that the original data can no longer be discovered. Advantages- Hard drive can be reused/sold or donated to charity. No enviromental damage either.
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Q7 Explain why data is NOT permanently deleted from the hard disk when files are deleted or even when the hard disk is reformatted.
Files still exist on hard disk, but location for files been deleted. Files will not be detected by operating system so appears there is no data on the hard disk - even though there is. Data also could be recoved with specialist software.
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Q8 Describe the two methods of data destruction to enable the hard disk to be reused.
•IT department could carry out work using propietary data destruction software. Benefit- increased data security. •Data destruction company could carry out the work, although this would be more costly than carrying out the task in-house.
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Q9 Deleting mobile device data
•Data held on the device is backed up if required for replacement device •The SIM card and any SD memory cards are removed •'Factory reset' carried out to ensure all data is removed from the device.
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Q10 Disposal of digital devices by the sale or donation of digital equipment.
•Could sell or donate their old digital devices to other organisations that might stll find them useful. •Need to ensure that the devices have their data removed •Disadvantage- time and resources spend organising sale or donation.
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Q11 Disposal of digital devices by trading in digital equipment.
If digital device is in working order it can be traded in; for example, the Apple Store will give an allowance for a trade in mobile phone or tablet against a replacement; the store is responsible for product disposal.
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Q12 Disposal of digital devices by using a specialist disposal company.
They: •Permanently delete data on hard disks •Break down equipment to be recycled •Safely dispose of hazardous waste •Dispose of batteries Benefit- disposal and recycling will comply with all the legislation. Drawback- May cost leisure centre.
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Q13 List the process that a specialist computer disposal company takes to minimise landfill disposal in accordance with the WEEE directive.
•Itemise the equipment that is being dealt with •Sort into hazardous and non-hazardous waste •Sort into devices that contain data or do not •Permanently delete data from all devices •Attempt to remarket equipment where possible •Rest is recycled.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Q2 Data Protection Act (DPA) 1998

Back

Organisations need to ensure that customer personal data is removed from digital storage media, such as hard disks, before equipment is dumped or recycled.

Card 3

Front

Q3 Enviromental Act 1995

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Q4 Descibe the process that Progress Leisure needs to adopt when disposing of old equipment.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Q5 Permanent data deltion by physical destruction and its disadvantages.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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