Questions

Making A Living

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 08-06-13 18:04
Explain why green employment has become more important in recent years
Increasing consumer concern about the environment, More necessary because is so bad because of population growth and global warming, Government support, More jobs in it
1 of 30
Explain why the population of some inner city areas has risen in recent years
In-migration, more jobs, better health care/education, regeneration of inner city areas by planners and businesses, no choice (e.g Mumbai) have to occupy and available land
2 of 30
Explain one pressure resulting from a rising demand for urban living spaces
Pressure on transport because more people, pressure on property prices because of rising demand and pressure on employment for same reason, also pressure on land use e.g greenfield sites
3 of 30
Using examples, explain the potential for growth of the 'green' employment sector
Comes from government support to sustainable/green initiatives, people's concerns, create new jobs, e.g creating green products, eco-tourism and designing wind turbines
4 of 30
Using examples, explain why some rural areas are under pressure from urban populations
Rural depopulation, urban sprawl taking habitat and tensions with land owners, house prices increasing, commuter villages leading to closure of village shops and services
5 of 30
Describe the impact of top-down development projects on two different groups of people
Local inhabitants forced to migrate, electricity produced benefited industry
6 of 30
Explain why rapidly growing cities often have a large informal economy
Jobs in formal sector in short supply, lacking skills to perform jobs in formal sector, escaping tax, need to survive, rapid urban growth
7 of 30
For a named brownfield site, describe how the plans for its development will make it more sustainable
Fort Dunlop, economic sustainability because of more jobs, measures to reduce energy consumption e.g LED lightbulbs and sensors to reduce night time lighting
8 of 30
Using examples, explain why some rural economies need to diversify
Rural-urban migration, isolation, market decline, spread risk, seasonal employment
9 of 30
Using examples, explain why sustainable rural development is hard to achieve
Government neglect, lack of money, climate restraints, rural isolation-distance from core
10 of 30
Explain why the future growth rate of the world's population is hard to predict
Wars, policies, change in beliefs, technology
11 of 30
Explain why the quality of living spaces in some rural areas is under increasing pressure
Urban sprawl, in-migration, economic decline, rising house prices, loss of services, destruction of habitat
12 of 30
Explain the factors that have led to rural diversification in some areas
Technology growth of broadband allowing more homeworking, tourism,, agricultural decline, climate change affecting crop patterns/yields
13 of 30
For a named developing country, explain the challenged faced by rural areas
Rural isolation, Poverty, Rural-urban migration, AIDS 20% have it
14 of 30
For a named developing country, explain why bottom up development projects can have both advantages and disadvantages
BiogasTumkurIndia,cheap,local materials,women/children don't have to get firewood=income,200000 jobs, smoke/ash free kitchens, but don't have massive impact on local poverty, lack of coordination, dependent on strength of local community
15 of 30
Describe how technology might solve the problem of resource shortages
GM crops drought resistant longer shelf life, renewable energy, hydro-electric cars
16 of 30
For a named rural area, explain how it could develop more sustainably in the future
Malawi, tilapia farming fed by kitchen waste great source of protein help people with HIV and malnutrition, mushroom farming micro loans, gm crops drought resistant, irrigation
17 of 30
For a named developing country, explain the differences between the urban cores and the rural periphery
India, literacy rate 64/83%, gdp 343/1700, density rank 1/12, most work in farming, over 80% live in poverty, diversified economy, bollywood, engineering, atomic research, government investment
18 of 30
Suggest two reasons why manufacturing employment has fallen in the UK
Moving overseas, increasing income so consume more services
19 of 30
Outline one reason why the number of jobs in manufacturing has fallen in some countries
Mechanisation meaning less workers needed, competition from overseas such as China
20 of 30
Using examples, explain how the demands placed on urban living spaces are compromising the desire for a good quality living space
Mumbai, slums, pollution, dirty water, congestion, crime, Japan, small flats only 100m2, expensive
21 of 30
Describe the advantages and disadvantages for 'sustainable cities' in England
more affordable housing, the future, but often build on greenfield sites, loss of biodiversity, loss of productive farmland, increased use of cars for commuting
22 of 30
For a named rural developed area, explain how problems it faces could be solved
housing, limit second home ownership,build more affordable housing,footpath erosion, spend money on repairing them, close down areas where severe, notice boards to educate, traffic congestion, park and ride schemes, bypasses, charge vehicles
23 of 30
Describe the costs and benefits of using one named resource
wind, free, renewable, environmetally friendly, but inconsistent, aesthetically intrusive, do not produce much energy unless very windy
24 of 30
Define what is meant by the term 'peak oil'
Production of oil has reached its maximum so there will be a fall in production
25 of 30
For a rural area you have studied which is under pressure, explain the problems that it faces
Traffic congestion, 85% tourists arrive by car, most local roads narrow and become congested, house prices high, due to second home or holiday lets, seasonal unemployment, part time, footpath erosion, 7 million trample it, plants die
26 of 30
With reference to one resource you have studied, explain how it is being used and why it is expected to run out soon
Oil is being used so much, gone from 1 million to 85 million barrels a day, mainly by MEDC's but as LEDC's develop they will rely on oil for their improved transport, also cars, teles and appliances will mean it will be used at a quicker rate
27 of 30
Describe two ways of reducing the demand for a named resource
Oil, hydro-electric cars, renewable energy like solar power
28 of 30
Explain how an individual can reduce their use of non-renewable resources
Public transport, recycling plastic, buying local produce, energy saving lightbulbs
29 of 30
Explain how a company can reduce their use of non-renewable resources
encourage staff to lift share, increase recycling and reduce waste, bus shuttle
30 of 30

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Explain why the population of some inner city areas has risen in recent years

Back

In-migration, more jobs, better health care/education, regeneration of inner city areas by planners and businesses, no choice (e.g Mumbai) have to occupy and available land

Card 3

Front

Explain one pressure resulting from a rising demand for urban living spaces

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Using examples, explain the potential for growth of the 'green' employment sector

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Using examples, explain why some rural areas are under pressure from urban populations

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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