psychopathology

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  • Created by: Zayn101
  • Created on: 04-05-16 23:06
ABC model
Ellis's explanation for how irrational thoughts affect behaviour A= activating event, B+ beliefs, C= consequences
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CBT
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a commonly used therapy which involves challenging and replacing irrational thoughts
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Cognitive bias
Error in thinking caused by simplified information processing
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Compulsion
An irresistible urge to behave in a certain way
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COMT gene
Gene which has a variation which results in higher levels of dopamine and this variation is more common in patients with OCD
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Counter-conditioning
Learning a new response to the phobic object/situation e.g. replacing fear with relaxation
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Cultural relativism
The idea that cultural norms and values are culture specific and no-one culture is superior to another culture
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Deviation from ideal mental health
Not meeting criteria which suggest you are mentally healthy
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Deviation from social norms
A behaviour that deviates from social norms is one that is very different from how we would expect people to behave
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Dopamine
Higher levels of this neurotransmitter have been associated with the compulsions shown by OCD patients
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DSM-V
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition is the standard classification of mental disorders used in the United States.
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Failure to function adequately
When a person's behaviour means they are unable to cope with the demands of everyday life
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Flooding (in-vitro)
Behavioural treatment for a phobia which involves imagined exposure to the phobic object/situation without being able to escape
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Flooding (in-vivo)
Behavioural treatment for a phobia which involves actual exposure to the phobic object/situation without being able to escape
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Negative self-schemas
Negative information we hold about ourselves based on negative past experiences that can lead to cognitive biases
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Negative triad
Three types of negative thinking (self, the world and the future) that Beck suggested occur automatically in people who are depressed
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Orbifrontal cortex
A region of the brain which converts sensory information into thoughts and actions- higher activity has been found here in OCD patients
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REBT
Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy is a type of CBT based on Ellis's ABC model
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Selective attention
Focusing on one piece of information while ignoring other information viewed as irrelevant
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Serotonin
Neurotransmitter which regulates mood - lower levels are associated with OCD
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SERT gene
gene which affects the transport of serotonin, causing lower levels of serotonin which is associated with OCD
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SSRIs
Antidepressant drugs used to treat OCD which work by preventing the re-absorption and breakdown of serotonin
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Statistical infrequency
A behaviour that is statistically infrequent does not happen very often
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Systematic desensitisation
A behaviour therapy designed to gradually reduce a phobia through the principle of classical conditioning
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Two-process model
Behavioural explanation for phobias which suggests they are acquired through classical conditioning and maintained through operant conditioning
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Card 2

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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a commonly used therapy which involves challenging and replacing irrational thoughts

Back

CBT

Card 3

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Error in thinking caused by simplified information processing

Back

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Card 4

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An irresistible urge to behave in a certain way

Back

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Card 5

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Gene which has a variation which results in higher levels of dopamine and this variation is more common in patients with OCD

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Preview of the back of card 5
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