Problems facing the PRC FT Answers –

  • Created by: 1zoerouse
  • Created on: 10-04-18 20:29
What generated good will towards Communists?
Bringing an end to the years of conflict
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Why did many non-Communists want to help rebuild China?
Seemed a more realistic option than fleeing to Taiwan and Mao declared his willingness to work together
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Why was Mao seen as the architect of the new China?
He had the devoted loyalty of the Chinese Army meaning his authority couldn’t be challenged
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Why did Mao want to remove all political opposition?
To bring stability to China
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How did Mao achieve the support of the peasants?
The Red Army had treated the peasants more fairly then the GMD and he organised land redistribution from landowners to poor peasants
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What was the scorched earth policy?
Destroying resources and infrastructure in the course of retreating
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In 1945 China’s industrial output stood at what?
25% of its pre-war level
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Food production was how much lower in 1945 than 1937?
30%
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Which province had a famine that cost between 2-3 million lives?
Henan
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How did the GMD pay for war and what was the impact?
Borrowing and printing money led to hyperinflation
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How did Chiang Kai-shek make things worse?
He took China’s foreign currency reserves with him when he fled to Taiwan
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What did China mostly produce in 1949?
Rice, wheat and oilseed crops
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How much of China could be cultivated?
15%
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Where were most industrial areas in China?
Manchuria, in the Yangtze delta and the eastern seaboard
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What did Chiang Kai-shek create in 1932?
The National Resources Committee
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What was Mao trying to do by 1949?
Develop infrastructure and install radio station in Beijing.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why did many non-Communists want to help rebuild China?

Back

Seemed a more realistic option than fleeing to Taiwan and Mao declared his willingness to work together

Card 3

Front

Why was Mao seen as the architect of the new China?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why did Mao want to remove all political opposition?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did Mao achieve the support of the peasants?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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