Pilgrimage of Grace 1536

When did the Lincolnshire rebellion start?
October 1536
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When did the Pilgrimage of Grace end?
1537 - after the Carlisle attacks
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Who was the leader of the rebellion?
Robert Aske
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Which other high profile nobleman joined the rebellion?
Lord Darcy
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What castle did Darcy have command of?
Pontefract Castle
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How did Henry know that Darcy had switched sides?
Darcy provided badges for the pilgrims
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How many rebels were there in total?
Over 30,000
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Where were Henry's Army when the rebels first came together?
Still dealing with the Lincolnshire rebellion
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Who led the kings armies?
Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Shrewsbury
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How many men did Norkolks army have?
8,000 (vs. 30,000)
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What month did Henry grant a general pardon for everyone involved (bar the leaders)?
December 1536
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What tactic did Henry use, and what did it buy?
Political delaying techniques, bought time
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When were the Carlisle uprisings?
January 1537
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What law did Henry and Cromwell use to persecute the rebels?
Martial Law
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How many in total were executed?
375 (around)
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Who did this famously include?
Aske and Darcy
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Where was Aske executed, and how?
Yorkshire, Hang Drawn and Quartered
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Three main causes argued by historians?
Religious, Economic, Political
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What evidence was there for the 3 estates going against the king?
The Banner displayed by the rebels - symbolism
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What religious Act passed in 1536 directly affected the commoners?
The Act of the Dissolution of Smaller Monasteries - 300 monasteries closed
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How many demands out the 24 Pontefract Articles were religious based?
9
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What religious taxes were introduced in 1536?
Tax on Marriage, Burials and Baptism
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Why were the dissolution of smaller monasteries an economic cause?
Monasteries played a vital role in local economy, giving charity and employment
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What used to only be paid at times of war, but now paid in times of peace?
Tudor Subsidy
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What were a problem in the densely populated York?
Enclosures
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Statute of Uses only affected the gentry, how?
Forced to pay feudal dues
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What faction supported the rebellion/played a part in it?
Aragonese Faction
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Who were prominent in the court in 1536?
Boleyn Faction
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The Act of Union is an example of the government...
Centralising power
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Who did they want to succeed Henry? and why?
Mary, she held conservative views
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The rebels failed because they didnt stop the...
Dissolution of Monasteries
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The rebels failed because ........... still remained in power
Thomas Cromwell
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The rebels failed because power....
Stayed central in London
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However, the rebels succeed in their aim of producing a large...
Army - could easily defeat Royal Army but wasnt the aim
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How did the rebels put pressure on the King?
Made him negotiate and eventually give a full pardon
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What was the main success for the commoners?
Promise of a Parliament in the North
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What religious reform favoured conservatism?
1537 Bishops Book
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Economically, how did they succeed, what wasn't paid?
Tudor Subsidy - no more economic change
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How did the rebellion weaken Cromwell's position?
The 2 main policies (administration and religion) were abandoned
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Where does Elton argue the cause came from?
'High politics' of the court - Court Faction
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What 2 objectives does he argue they had?
Restore Mary's succession, End Cromwell's reign
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How does Fletcher disagree with this? what does he think the main cause was?
Elton doesn't take into account size and scale, and numbers of ordinary people involved
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What factor does Bush argue threatened the regime?
The size and scale of the rebellion - far greater than Crown forces
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James argues that the ....... leadership did what?
Enhanced the effectiveness and extent of the rebellion
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Who does Fellows agree with - state that the most significant factor was what?
Bush - Size and Scale (30,000 men)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did the Pilgrimage of Grace end?

Back

1537 - after the Carlisle attacks

Card 3

Front

Who was the leader of the rebellion?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which other high profile nobleman joined the rebellion?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What castle did Darcy have command of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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