Photosynthesis

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Autotrophic
Organisms that make organic compounds from CO2.
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Heterotrophic
Organisms that eat plants/ animals that have eaten plants - use products of photosynthesis indirectly.
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Photosynthesis
The transfer of sunlight energy into chemical energy in bonds of organic molecules - conversion of CO2 and H2O into simple sugars. .
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ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate
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ADP
Adenosine Diphosphate
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Pi
Inorganic phosphate molecule
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Electron Transport/ Transfer Chain
Series of carrier hydrogen electrons
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Grana
Stacked membranes within a chloroplast
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Thylakoids
Membrane discs containing chlorophyll.
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Stroma
Matrix in chloroplast containing enzymes.
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Chlorophyll
Group of photosynthetic pigments: carotene, phaephytin, xanthophyll, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b.
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Carotene
Orange
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Phaeophytin
Grey
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Xanthophyll
Yellow
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Chlorophyll a
Blue - green
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Chlorophyll b
Yellow - green
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Photosystem 1
700nm
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Photosystem 2
680nm
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Photophosphorylation
Addition of Pi to ADP with the use of light energy.
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Photolysis
The splitting of molecules with the use of light energy.
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NADP
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate
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Calvin Cycle
Light-independent stage of photosynthesis using reduced NADP and ATP; takes place in stroma.
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RuBP
Ribulose Biphosphate
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RUBISCO
Ribulose Biphosphate Carboxylase / Oxygenase enzy,e
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GP
Glycerate 3- Phosphate
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GALP /TP
Glyceraldehyde 3- Phosphate / Triose Phosphate
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Card 2

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Heterotrophic

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Organisms that eat plants/ animals that have eaten plants - use products of photosynthesis indirectly.

Card 3

Front

Photosynthesis

Back

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Card 4

Front

ATP

Back

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Card 5

Front

ADP

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