Peaceful Coexistence

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In which speech did Churchill famously mention an "Iron Curtain"?
Sinews of Peace, 1946
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When was the Warsaw Pact founded?
1955
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Where was the term "Peaceful Coexistence" first mentioned?
In Malenkov's 'New Course' policy
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When was Khrushchev's "Secret Speech"?
1956
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How did Khrushchev reform agriculture and industry?
He ended forced collectivisation and changed industrial focus to consumer goods
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What was the KGB and what happened to it after Stalin's death?
The Soviet's Secret Police force, Khrushchev had them reformed
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Why were the Soviets intimidated by Eisenhower?
He had been an army general so he was capable at foreign policy
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What was the name of Eisenhower's foreign policy?
"New Look Policy"
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How much of the Soviet economy was geared towards defence?
1/3
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How many nuclear weapons did the USA have on 1950? And how many by 1955?
298, rose to 2422
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What was the name of the weapon that ended the US nuclear monopoly and when was it tested?
"First Lightning" 1949
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Finish the quote. Khrushchev: "There are only two ways-..."
"Either peaceful coexistence or the most destructive war in history."
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When was the Austrian State Treaty signed and what did it agree?
1955, agreed to neutralise Austria and remove all foreign troops
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What was significant about the Soviet withdrawal from Austria?
It was the first time they had willingly retreated since 1945
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What area of Finland did the Soviets occupy?
The Porkkala Peninsula
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When did the Soviets withdraw from Finland?
1956
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When was the Geneva Conference and what did it achieve?
July 1954, agreed French troops would withdraw from Indochina and established Cambodia and Laos as independent states
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When was the Geneva Summit and what did it achieve?
July 1955, established a positive working relationship between the USA and the Soviet Union
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When was the Camp David Summit and what did it achieve?
September 1959, agreed to settle disputes peacefully and to full summit in 1960
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Why was Eisenhower more willing to negotiate at the Camp David Summit?
It was after Dulles' death
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Who was sacked by Truman during the Korean War and why?
General MacArthur, for suggesting they deploy nuclear weapons against the Chinese
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Where and when was the Armistice achieved in Korea?
On the 38th Parallel in July 1953
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How was the Red Army reduced in the early 1950's?
From 5.8 million to 3.7 million
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Why did the USA threaten China with nuclear weapons in 1955?
In response to them shelling the islands of Quemoy and Matsu
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Who did the CIA installed as the Shah of Iran?
Pahlavi
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Where was the CIA coup against President Guzman?
Guatemala
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What military alliance did the USA form in 1954?
South-East Asia Treaty Organisation (SEATO)
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What two things happened to West Germany that unsettled the Soviet Union?
It was militarised and it joined NATO
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What two organisations were evidence that there was still a divide during "Peaceful Coexistence"?
The Warsaw Pact and NATO
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What was the name of the American theory that if Vietnam fell to Communism, the rest of South East Asia would follow suit?
Domino Theory
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The details of which of Eisenhower's policies were kept intentionally vague?
Massive Retaliation
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The policy of Containment was rejected in favour of what?
"Rolling back" on Communism
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What report rejected Containment and when was it published?
NS68, 1950
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What was the "Eisenhower Doctrine"?
To stop Communism intervention, particularly in the Middle East
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What was the name of the North Vietnamese leader?
Ho Chi Minh
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Who cancelled the free elections in South Vietnam?
Ngo Din Diem
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What policies did the Soviets propose at the Geneva Summit?
Neutralisation of Germany and the replacement of NATO and the Warsaw Pact with a collective security system
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What policies did the USA propose at the Geneva Summit?
Free elections in East Germany and "Open Skies Initiative"
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What two key issues were not settled at the Camp David Summit?
Germany and disarmament
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Why did the Paris Summit 1960 collapse?
Khrushchev stormed out over U-2 bomber incident
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Who was the last Stalinist leader in Poland and when did he die?
Beriut, February 1956
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Who did the Polish want to be their leader?
Gomulka
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What concessions did the Soviet Union give Poland for staying in the Warsaw Pact?
They installed Gomulka as the leader and devolved powers from Moscow
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Who did the Hungarian protestors want as their leader?
Imre Nagy
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In which Hungarian City was a giant statue of Stalin toppled?
Budapest
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What three main policies was Imre Nagy pressured into supporting?
Multi-party elections, free press and withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact
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How did the Soviets justify sending tanks into Hungary?
They claimed they were "liberating" them from "Western Imperialism"
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How many Hungarian protesters were arrested and of these how many were executed?
35,000 arrested, 300 executed
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What made Hungary think the USA would support them in their revolution?
Moral support through "Radio Free Europe"
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In 1953, East Germany was run by which Stalinist hard-liner?
Walter Ulbricht
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Who in the Soviet power struggle advocated a unified Germany?
Beria
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What were the East German protests primarily calling for?
Pay increases and free elections
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How many East German protesters were there? Of these, how many were killed at the scene and how many were executed?
400,000 protesters, 40 killed at the scene, 400 executed
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When did Stalin die?
March 1953
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When did Nikita Khrushchev officially come to power?
1958
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was the Warsaw Pact founded?

Back

1955

Card 3

Front

Where was the term "Peaceful Coexistence" first mentioned?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was Khrushchev's "Secret Speech"?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did Khrushchev reform agriculture and industry?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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