PE terminology

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  • Created by: 11nmiller
  • Created on: 06-05-16 10:33
Ligament
Bands of fibres that are attached at the bones and link the joints together.
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Accrediation
A formal official requirement which certifies your levels and qualifications.
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Metabolism
Biochemical processes that happen in the body to keep us alive.
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Abduction
The movement of a bone or limb away from the body.
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Joint
A connection point between two bones where movement occurs.
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Adduction
The movement of a bone or limb towards the body.
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Intrinsic Reward
Something that gives an individual an internal satisfaction; achieved from doing something well.
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Agonist
The muscle that contracts to allow movement to take place.
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High Protein Diet
Diet made up of lots of protein and a reduced intake of carbohydrates and fat. Linked to kidney problems.
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Amateur
Someone who takes part in a sport, or activity, as a pastime or hobby rather than for financial gain.
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Heart Rate
The number of times the heart beats a minute. The average resting adult is approximately 72 beats per minute.
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Antagonist
The muscle that relaxes to allow movement to take place.
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Flexsion
When the angle between two bones is decreased.
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Apartheid
A policy separating, especially because of race or colour.
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Extrinsic Reward
Something done for a particular reward that is clearly visible to others and which can be seen as an achievement.
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Arousal
The state of readiness of the performer.
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Extra-curricular Activity
An activity which takes place outside of timetabled lessons, such as pre-school, lunchtime or after school.
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Carbo-load
Eating foods which are high in starch to increase carbohydrate reserves in muscles.
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Extension
When the angle between two bones is increased.
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Cardiovascular System
The ciculatory and respiratory systems working together. Eg/ the circulation of the blood and the transportation of oxygen.
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Exercise
An activity which requires physical or mental exertion, especially when performed to develop or maintain fitness.
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Culture
Ideas, customs and social behaviours of a particular group or society.
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Etiquette
The unwritten rules or conventions of any activity.
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Ethnic
Relating to people of a common national or cultural tradition.
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Dehydration
The loss of water from the body.
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Motivation
Your drive to succeed and desire and energy to achieve something.
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Tendons
Very strong cords that join the muscle to the bone.
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Muscle Tone
The tension which remains in a muscle, even when at rest.
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Suppleness
When your muscles work so well together that you can achieve the maximum range of movement without and pain or injury.
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Nimble
Quick and light movement; able to move with ease and rapidly.
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Strength
The maximum force that can be developed within a muscle or group of muscles during a single maximal contraction.
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Overload
Making your body work harder than normal in order to make it adapt or improve.
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Strain
The over-stretching of a muscle.
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Peers
People who are the same age and status as you.
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Specificity
The particular kind of activity or exercise you use to build up or improve certain body systems or skills.
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Physiological Factors
One that affects your living body and therefore affects you physically.
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Somatype
Body type; Ectomorph, Mesomorph or Endomorph.
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Plateauing
Progressing to a certain level then seeming to get stuck there before being able to move on.
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Seeding
The best players or teams are chosen/selected to automatically qualify and be kept apart in early rounds.
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Professional
Someone who takes part ina sport, or an activity, as a means of earning their livelihood. They are paid to do it as a full time job.
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Sedentary
Sitting down or being physically inactive for long periods of time.
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Progression
Gradually and safley increasing the amount of training you do.
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Reversibility
The loss of positive effect if you stop training.
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Progression Overload
Where additional demands are added only gradually and safely.
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Pulse Rate
The rate per minute at which the heart beats and which can be located and measure at certain points in the body.
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Sprain
The over-stretching or tearing of ligaments at a joint.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Accrediation

Back

A formal official requirement which certifies your levels and qualifications.

Card 3

Front

Metabolism

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Abduction

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Joint

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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