Parliament

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  • Created on: 27-04-15 17:14
Accountability
The system of control and answerability which is seen as a key element of democratic and representative government. By various mechanisms ministers have to account for their stewardship of the nations's affairs to the elected House of Commons
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Life Peerages Act 1958
This permitted men and women to be created as peers for the duration of their lives. The purpose of this was to diversify membership of the chamber by bringing int people from various walks of life.
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The Parliament Act 1911
Removed power of permanent veto over legislation, lords could not indefinitely delay. If 3 successive times passed through commons, would become law
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Parliament Act 1949
Further limited delaying powers. Any bill passed in 2 successive sessions passed. Delaying power of 8-9 months. eg Fox hunting
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Hereditary peerages
Peerages that came about as a result of a title inherited within the family
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Public bills
Bills which change the law as it applies to the whole community, being binding on everyone. Most common type of bill introduces in parliament.
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Private Peers'/members' Bill
Bills introduced by peers/members. Go through same stages as any other public bill
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Green Paper
Document laid before the HoC by ministers, setting out the options that might be persued in a given policy area; a consultative paper which invites opinions
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White Paper
A document issued by ministers that sets out their proposals on a topic of current concern. prior to the production of a bill.
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Standing committees/ Public Bill Committees
Committees of the HoC which scrutinise and amend the details of a bill, clause by clause. The comprise, proportionally of back-bench MPs from all parties
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Departmental Select Committees
The 19 parliamentry scrutiny committees responsible for examining the expenditure, administration and policy of their relevant department. Proportional. cross party back bench MPs
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Public Accounts Committee
Committee that examines the accounts, showing how money granted by parliament has been spent.
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Westland Affair (1986)
A highly contentious political issue that had to be handled by the Thatcher government, concerning the future ownership of the Westland helicopter company
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Career politicians
People who regard politics as their vocation. They may know little else beyond the world of politics, policy making and elections.
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International Monetary Fund
International organisation of 185 member countries, established to promote international monetary cooperation, encourage economic growth and provide temporary financial assistance to countries to help ease balance of payments difficulties
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Private members' motions in the adjournment
Opportunity to raise constituency issues. Half hour debates at the end if each day's sitting in the chamber. MP's can initiate a debate and speak for 10-15 minutes.
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Delegated/secondary legislation
Relates to laws made by ministers under powers granted to them by parliament. Such laws technically know as statutory instruments.
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Statutory instruments
Many acts are passed in outline form, allowing ministers (and other public bodies) to introduce necessary orders or regulations. eg. increasing levels of benefit levels, as authorised by Social Security legislation
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Whipping system
The system by which party discipline is ensured. MPs are expected to stay loyal in parliamentry votes.
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Early Day Motions
MPs may table motions for debate 'on an early day' which in most cases never comes, the purpose being to draw attention to an issue. Other MPs add their name to the motion,making it known to the government the extent of parliamentry support
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Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition/ Official opposition
The second largest party in the house of the opposition in the HoC and a recognised part of the Constitution.
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Westminster Hall
Opened as an additional location for debates in 1999. Aimed at introducing a different style of debate. Seating is in a horseshoe arrangement intended to encourage constructive rather than confrontational debate
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Motion for adjournement
Takes place prior to the recess, at the end of each day's sitting and in times slots in the Tuesday and Wednesday morning sitting in Westminster Hall. MPs seek to adjourn the house in order to raise topics of constituency interest or public concern
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Catch the Speaker's eye.
MPs signal they wish to speak in a debate by standing up from their seat (catching the speakers eye). They can also notify in writing.
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Mavericks
MPs willing ro ac according to their own priorities rather than those of the party
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Managed economy
a situation in which there is a high degree of government intervention in the economy. The public expects that, among other things, ministers will act to combat unemployment, keep inflation down and protect consumers
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Pairing
An arrangement where an MP of one party agrees with an MP of an opposing party not to vote in a particular division. This gives both MPs an opportunity to absent themselves from Commons proceeding. Such arrangements must be registered with the whips
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Commons' Liason Committee
Includes the 30 chairmen of select committees. Appointed to consider general matters relating to the work of select committees and to report on them to the house.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

This permitted men and women to be created as peers for the duration of their lives. The purpose of this was to diversify membership of the chamber by bringing int people from various walks of life.

Back

Life Peerages Act 1958

Card 3

Front

Removed power of permanent veto over legislation, lords could not indefinitely delay. If 3 successive times passed through commons, would become law

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Further limited delaying powers. Any bill passed in 2 successive sessions passed. Delaying power of 8-9 months. eg Fox hunting

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Peerages that came about as a result of a title inherited within the family

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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