Parliament

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Bicameralism
Describes a situation where parliament has two chambers. e.g UK
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Parliament
(legislature). A parliament is a body which has several roles: Legitimising legislation, passing laws, scrutinizing, amending legislation, calling govt to account, controlling governmental power.
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Accountability
Government is accountable to Parliament, so it must make itself available for criticism and must justify its policies to Parliament. The govt could be removed by Parliament. Can also relate to the fact that elected representatives are answerable.
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Westminster Model
British central political system- used rarely today. Describes fact that Parliament is the central representative body, and all power flows from Parliament. Members of the government have to be drawn from Parliament.
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Representative+Responsible Government
Description of British policy which suggests that the people are represented by both Parliament and government, and that government is constantly held responsible for its actions by Parliament.
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Separation of Powers
Principle that the power of the executive and the legislature should be firmly separate, in order for them to control each other's power through a system of checks and balances.
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Fusion of Powers
There is an overlap between the executive and the legislature, in practice the executive dominates the legislature. Also means the members of government are also members of Parliament.
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Card 2

Front

(legislature). A parliament is a body which has several roles: Legitimising legislation, passing laws, scrutinizing, amending legislation, calling govt to account, controlling governmental power.

Back

Parliament

Card 3

Front

Government is accountable to Parliament, so it must make itself available for criticism and must justify its policies to Parliament. The govt could be removed by Parliament. Can also relate to the fact that elected representatives are answerable.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

British central political system- used rarely today. Describes fact that Parliament is the central representative body, and all power flows from Parliament. Members of the government have to be drawn from Parliament.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Description of British policy which suggests that the people are represented by both Parliament and government, and that government is constantly held responsible for its actions by Parliament.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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