Parliament

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Frontbencher
A member of Parliament who holds a ministerial position on the Cabinet or Shadow Cabinet
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Backbencher
A member of Parliament who does not hold a ministerial position on the Cabinet or Shadow Cabinet
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Speaker
An unaffiliated MP, elected by other MPs to preside over the debates and maintain order in the House of Commons.
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Hereditary Peers
A member of the House of Lords who sat in the chamber because of their ancestral title. Only 88 remain after the 1998 House of Lords Act, due to four dying.
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Life Peers
A member of the House of Lords elected for life. The PM appoints Life Peers through royal prerogative.
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Crossbenchers
An unaffiliated member of the House of Lords. They are called this because of the angel of the benches they sit on.
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Leader of the Opposition
The leader of the political party that controls the party with the second largest number of seats.
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Lords Spiritual
The Archbishops of Canterbury and York, alongside 24 of the most senior bishops in the Church of England, who sit in the House of Lords
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Bill
A legislative proposal that is going through Parliament
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Act
A piece of statute law that has been passed by Parliament and receives royal assent
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Public Bill
Proposed legislation that applies to the entire public body. These make up the majority of legislation passed
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Green paper
A discussion paper that marks the start of the consultation period on a piece of proposed legislature
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White paper
A firm proposal on a piece of legislation that follows on from the Green Paper period
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Private member's bill
A legislative proposal by a backbencher. These are public bills. These can come about through the private members' ballot, under the Ten Minute Rule or through Standing Order 58
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Secondary legislation
The making of laws with the consent of Westminster. Applies to the Welsh Assembly
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A member of Parliament who does not hold a ministerial position on the Cabinet or Shadow Cabinet

Back

Backbencher

Card 3

Front

An unaffiliated MP, elected by other MPs to preside over the debates and maintain order in the House of Commons.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A member of the House of Lords who sat in the chamber because of their ancestral title. Only 88 remain after the 1998 House of Lords Act, due to four dying.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A member of the House of Lords elected for life. The PM appoints Life Peers through royal prerogative.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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