• Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 14-03-17 10:23
The major vessels that deliver deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs are called
Pulmonary arteries
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Spermatogenesis takes place in the
Seminiferous tubules
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Spore forming bacteria produce spores when the
surrounding environment becomes unfavourable
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Which organ is responsible for metabolism in the "first pass effect"?
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7. Each organ system has specific functions that contribute to maintaining homeostasis and health. Which organ system in involved in the intake of raw materials?
Respiratory system
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Which skin cells have a sensory role?
Merkel cells
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Chromosome disorders result from a variation in the number or structure of chromosomes. A child with Down's syndrome typically has a karotype that includes:
47 chromosomes with an extra chromosome 21
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Paracetamol is a non-opioid analgesic which is thought to work by inhibiting
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In the gate control theory of pain, which emotional or cognitive factor would close the gate?
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Which nutrient provides the most concentrated source of energy in the diet?
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In thermoregulation, fluctuations in the core body temperature stimulate
Central thermoreceptors in the hypothalamus
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What is the female gamete called?
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Pharmacodynamics can be defined as
A study of the effects of drugs on the body and the mechansisms of drug actions
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Which organ secretes bile?
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Pharmacokinetics can be defined as
How the body handles the drug
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Cytotoxic T Cells are key cells in which immune response?
Specific immune response
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High threshold mechanoreceptors respond to
Intense mechanical stimulation
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Which process produces genetically identical cells for growth and replacement of tissues?
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Cortisol is secreted by
The adrenal cortex
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In which stage of sleep is the EEG activity synchronised?
Slow wave sleep
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True or false? In shock, hypotension can lead to reduced tissue perfusion.
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Baroreceptors, which detect pressure changes, are found in
Aortic arch
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In which division (zone) would an alveolus be found?
Respiritaroy division/zone
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What is osmosis?
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
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What chance does the son of a woman with an autosomal dominant condition have of inheriting the condition?
1 in 2 chance
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What is the name given to medications that are not typically used for pain but may be helpful for its management?
Adjuvant pain medications. Example - antidepressants.
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The short term control of BP is achieved by both the cardiac centre and vasomotor centre. Where are these located?
Brain stem (medulla oblongata)
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Which structure in the urinary system contains skeletal muscle?
External urethral sphincter
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What is a gene?
A section of a chromosome that codes for a particular protein.
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On which step of the WHO analgesic ladder is paracetamol?
Step 1
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What is needed in electrolyte & fluid homeostasis to stimulate reabsorption of sodium ions in the nephron?
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How does Oxybutynin (anticholinergic medication) relieve symptoms of urge incontinence?
Blocks cholinergic receptors and relaxes detrusor muscle
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What would an increase in renal blood flow lead to?
An increased rate of glomerular filtration.
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The plasma protein which is a major contributor to osmotic pressure of plasma is
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How do calcium channel blockers, used to treat hypertension or angina, work?
Block calcium channels in the cell membrane of smooth muscle cells in blood vessels.
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What is the outer boundary of an animal cell called?
Cell membrane
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Which nerve provides the primary nerve supply to the diaphragm?
Phrenic nerve
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In muscle contraction, muscle fibres shorten as actin fibres slide over myosin fibres, this sliding process needs ATP and
calcium ions
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Which type of neurone transmits impulses from the periphery to the central nervous system?
Sensory neurone
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Warfarin is an anticoagulant which impairs the production of some clotting factors synthesised in the liver by:
Inhibiting the vitamin K dependent synthesis of clotting factors.
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What are the muscles which oppose the prime movers in muscle movement called?
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The mode of action of salbutamol is that it acts as
A receptor agonist
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What do central chemoreceptors in the medulla detect?
Changes in pH in cerebrospinal fluid
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Which region of the cerebral cortex is involved in the planning, control and execution of voluntary movements?
Motor cortex
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How do B-lactam antibiotics such as penicllin act?
Inhibit the synthesis of the peptidoglycan layer of bacterial cell walls.
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Which feature of the intestine has many finger like projections?
Intestinal villi
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What does the P wave represent in a normal ECG tracing?
Atrial depolarisation
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In the non-specific immune response, which cells are responsible for phagocytosis?
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Which route of administration is most convenient, although may have a bioavailability of anywhere between 5-100%?
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Spermatogenesis takes place in the


Seminiferous tubules

Card 3


Spore forming bacteria produce spores when the


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Which organ is responsible for metabolism in the "first pass effect"?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


7. Each organ system has specific functions that contribute to maintaining homeostasis and health. Which organ system in involved in the intake of raw materials?


Preview of the front of card 5
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