Packaging

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What are the three levels of packaging?
primary, secondary, transit
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What is primary packaging?
contains the food product
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What is secondary packaging?
holds several products together
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What is transit packaging?
used when products are being transported to the point of sale
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What are the disadvantages of glass packaging?
fragile, heavy
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What are the advantages of glass packaging?
cheap, can see the product, heat resistant, rigid, recyclable
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What are the advantages of metal packaging?
tin foil can protect and improve appearance of packaging, easily opened, recyclable, preserves food, can be reheat in, be different thicknesses
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What are the disadvantages of metal packaging?
can react with food so some have to have a non-metalic lining
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What are the advantages of card and paper packaging?
easily printed on, different thicknesses, cheap, biodegradable, can protect and insulate when corrugated, recyclable, easily made into different shapes and sizes
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What are the disadvantages of card and paper packaging?
can be squashed and product damaged, not water resistant
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What are the advantages of plastic packaging?
lightweight, cushion & protect foods, cheap, easily printed on, flexible or rigid, acid/chemical/heat/water resistant,
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What is the main disadvantage of plastic?
many consumers don't recycle it
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What is the most-common type of packaging used in the food industry?
thermoplastic
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What are the four main types of thermoplastic packaging?
PP, PVP, PS, PET
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What does PP stand for?
polypropylene
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What does PVC stand for?
polyvinylchlorine
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What does PS stand for?
expanded polystyrene
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What does PET stand for?
polyester
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What are the advantages of PP?
can be flexible or rigid, can withstand high temperatures
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What are the advantages of PVC?
resistant to acids/chemicals, can withstand high temperatures, flexible
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What are the advantages of PS?
protects food with its cushioning effect, good heat insulation properties
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What are the advantages of PET?
can be used as a film, ideal for drinks, high melting point so can be microwaved
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What are the six reasons as to why packaging is used?
keeps hygiene, protects food damage, prevents tampering, can be used during reheating, conveys info to the consumer, attracts customers
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What is special about thermoplastics?
they can be soft when heated, so can be moulded then cooled and they keep their shape
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is primary packaging?

Back

contains the food product

Card 3

Front

What is secondary packaging?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is transit packaging?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the disadvantages of glass packaging?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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